Group Dynamics Name: Grade Course: Date: As stakeholders in the healthcare industry continue to redefine nursing roles, one of the items that have come under strict focus is the ability of nurses to work with and in groups. Nurses require good interpersonal skills to optimally interact with patients, colleagues and other groups they encounter while performing their duties (Nunnery, 2008)…
Focus is given to the purpose, leadership, membership, decision making process and the general functioning of the group. The main reason for formation of Alcoholics Anonymous group was to rescue members from abuse of alcohol and similar substances (Mckellar, Stewart & Humphreys, 2003). Although the group was started in Ohio in 1935, it has grown to all other US states and beyond (Mckellar et al., 2003). As the name suggests, one of the principles of AA is that its membership should always remain a secret (Mckellar et al., 2003). Apparently, the main purpose of this principle is to shield members from public ridicule that can easily compromise rehabilitation process. The AA has been very effective in helping people abandon alcoholism (Moos & Moos, 2006). According to Moos and Moos (2006), the group does not use scientific therapies but rather members come together to help each other deal with the problem of alcohol and drug abuse. In this regard, new entrants are linked to already recovered members for assistance. As noted by Moos and Moos (2006), in addition to helping members to quit unhealthy drinking habits, AA also creates conducive environment to enable them cope with their new life. Some psychologists have suggested that AA can become more effective if scientific medication is incorporated in the group’s traditional methods of fighting alcoholism (Moos & Moos, 2006). The functioning of AA group is based on a program of twelve steps that start with entry of addicts and end with exit of fully recovered individuals who are ready to assist other alcoholics (Sharma & Branscum, 2010). According to Sharma & Branscum (2010), there are twelve traditions used as the constitution of the group. The traditions guide members on how to relate with each another. Some of the most embraced values include group unity, fear of God and self-support (Sharma & Branscum, 2010). Since the group is open to any person willing to fight addiction, there is no minimum or maximum membership requirement (Sharma & Branscum, 2010). The meeting attended by the author was held on Saturday evening in a four walled room. The timing of the meeting was designed to avoid inconveniencing members as most people are free during Saturday evenings (Harrison, Price, Gavin & Florey, 2002). In addition, Harrison et al. noted that meeting at the time when most people are free ensures that members are occupied and won’t find time to engage in unhealthy drinking (2002). The seating arrangement was similar to a learning classroom where learners sit in rows facing one side. Unlike most meetings where group officials sit in front, there appeared to be no distinction between leaders and other members in the AA meeting. This arrangement was designed to discourage any feeling of authority by perceived leaders. It is believed that a sense of equality among members encourages free flow of information within the group. In this regard, the group did not have official leaders. Whenever there is a meeting, any member can volunteer to lead the group through the process (Moos & Moos, 2006). As Moos and Moos notes, the volunteer is only a coordinator rather than a leader (2006). Decisions are made through deliberations of the entire group. However, decisions that only affect certain individuals are made by such individuals but other ...
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ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Eating disorders: Binge eating disorder (BED). Obesity is often considered a matter of character rather than a matter of health. According to Haddock (2000), “Obesity is often taken as a sign of personal failing…Even though about one-third of the population is overweight, and the causes of obesity are clearly not associated with personal character, the stigma against the obese remains” (p.
. Many concepts and general approaches have been developed through study, research, and analysis each of them being characterised by the method applied in delivering and resolving the problem at hand. I shall try to focus on two approaches that may be applied in resolving drug and/or alcohol related issue affecting an individual.
The Washington Department of Corrections employs a multi-staged approach that preliminarily focuses on the recognition of the problem, encourages the offender to take responsibility for this action, introduces the offender with means by which they can minimize the risks associated with such behavior, understand the underlying factors that contribute/increase this risk, and ways in which they can work to mitigate such risks in the future (Spencer, 1999).
Last night, I attended a Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meeting at the Triangle Club, Roswell at Eight in the evening. It was not quite a novel experience for me, since my close friend was a narcotics addict and alcoholic. I attended the meeting to familiarize myself with the program and gain meaningful insight regarding the operation of NA meetings.
Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of understanding and compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty." (Albert Einstein quoted by Starbridge Centre, 2000-2009).
Clients in need of counselling most of the time are desperately looking a way out of that prison, and counsellers should help them unlock the doors of that jail.
This essay will attempt to take a look at the establishment of AA in the USA and how its influence spread to other countries, notably Ireland. There will be a brief discussion on the challenges faced by AA concerning the religious aspect in Ireland followed by an appraisal of published literature regarding success rates.
Overt cues may be client statements as “I am going to kill myself.” Covert cues may be client statements as “Nothing seems helpful, I want to have a good rest” (Videbect, p.121).
Encourage the client to have an “emotion notebook”
How many “friends” are subscribed for our facebook pages? How much is known about each of them? The most scaring thing is that people are pretending to be social, with many close people, though in reality it looks differently –
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