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annotated bibilography on evidence based research-pressure ulcers
Pages 6 (1506 words)
PRESSURE ULCERS: TREATMENT AND PREVENTION STRATEGIES Name: Course: Professor: Institution: City and State: Date: As suggested by Mendez (2004), pressure ulcers result from uninterrupted pressure leading to localized areas of ischemia, tissue inflammation and tissue anoxia.
The available literature identifies its risk factors as: physiological alterations, diabetes, low tissue oxygen tension, nutritional deficiency, contractures, and paralysis. This annotated bibliography examines the effectiveness of different treatment and prevention strategies used in hospital settings. The available statistics suggest that the condition mainly affects male adults, and 3-10% of the hospitalized population. The risk of pressure ulcer is also high among neurologically impaired patients, and persons disabled by the spinal cord injuries. According to Mendez (2004) prevention is a key component of managing pressure ulcers, and the presentation of this condition occurs in 4 stages starting with erythema and ending with the infection of the underlying bone or muscle. Stage 1 is characterized by the reddening of the skin while in stage 2, the skin blisters form open sores. In the third stage, a crater is formed while in the final stage, the damages extend to the tendons, joints, muscles and bones. Some of the treatment method used include: de-pressurizing of the affected areas, surgical reconstruction, administration of and antibiotics. ...
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