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Nursing Care in patients with Arterial Hypertension Your name Institute Abstract Arterial hypertension has a wider occurrence rate worldwide and a potential risk factor for the development of a variety of co-morbidities. In order to control the occurrence of the disease adequate control and preventive measures need to be employed.
In addition to helping patients with medication and other treatment nurses can also educate patients about the disease and empower them to improve their health and also contribute towards community health development. Arterial hypertension, generally referred to as high blood pressure (HBP), is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. High blood pressure is characterized by a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140mmHg or higher and a diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 90mmHg or higher in adults. Arterial hypertension occurs due multiple factors such as overweight or obesity, alcohol, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and high intake of sodium. In some cases they may also occur secondary to the onset of disorders such as those involving the adrenal gland. The presence of uncontrolled blood pressure could pose a risk factor for the development of various diseases that affect major organs within the body including heart, brain, kidney and eyes (Soares, Falheiros, & Santos, 2011). Given the severity of the condition and the extent to which it affects the health of the general public, the role of nurses in the promotion of good health, prevention and interventions in patients with arterial hypertension is considered to be crucial. ...
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