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Pharmacology and medicines management
Pages 11 (2761 words)
Asthma is a condition in which the air passage way tubes get narrowed and swollen. These tubes are termed as bronchioles. This narrowing of the airways produces excessive mucus which may cause difficulty in breathing along with a wheezing sound. In the presence of narrowing of the respiratory canal, lungs will not be able to hold a proper amount of oxygen required for the purpose of breathing.
There are various factors that play a role in the onset of disease. However, therapeutic and non-pharmacological management plans can help the patients in the long run. Scientists theorize that the worldwide increase in pollution due to the industrialization has caused a significant rise in the disease. The major implications and occurrence to treatment ratio along with the various strategies for controlling it are discussed further on. The incidence rates provides the information about the onset of the disease along with the probability of developing a disease. The incidence rate of asthma ranges between 2.65 to 4 per 1000 people annually. The condition is more commonly found in children less than five years of age and among boys as compared to girls. In childhood, the rate is estimated to be about 8.1 to 14 every 1000 persons for boys and 4.3 to 9 every 1000 persons for girls. Annually it is estimated that this rate of incidence is 2.1 every 1000 persons over 25 years of age. CDC reports that asthma continues to be the major public health concern with a large financial impact on families and health care system. Internationally UK is the highest ranking countries in terms of asthma prevalence. ...
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