Running Head: Nursing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Interpersonal Psychotherapy Name Name of Professor Introduction Theoretical work in nursing is remarkably comprehensive. Even though there is an ongoing debate about whether theories in nursing are thoroughly advanced or developed enough, nursing theories have become the foundation for understanding and practicing nursing in the contemporary period…
This essay discusses two leading nursing theories, namely, (1) cognitive behavioral therapy and (2) interpersonal psychotherapy. The first section presents a separate discussion of these two nursing theories. The second section determines the similarities and differences between these two nursing theories in terms of major tenets, concepts, views, techniques, view of pathology/normality, etc. The third section discusses the relevance of these two nursing theories in nursing practice. The fourth section gives recommendations for advanced nursing practice in relation to interpersonal psychotherapy. The last part is the summary and conclusion of the entire paper. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Even a quick look at current literature in the discipline of child psychology suggests that the cognitive-behavioral theory has received significant empirical and clinical attention in recent times. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been effectively used in a broad array of medical disorders experienced by children, adolescents, and adults, such as learning difficulties, eating disorders, anxiety, and depression. According to Abela and Hankin (2007), cognitive-behavioral therapy is highly recognized for its focus on factors that make individuals vulnerable to emotional and behavioral difficulties, for its emphasis on the importance and function of the social context/environment and family in the growth and continuation of these problems, for its focus on unspoken ideas about the self and how these could affect emotional and behavioral wellbeing, and for its attention to scientific/empirical assessment approaches to psychopathology and the usefulness of treatments or interventions obtained from them. Cognitive therapy is rooted in the idea that behavior is capable of adjusting and that there is a connection between a person’s behaviors, emotions, and thoughts. A primary focus in cognitive-behavioral therapy, especially with adolescents, is on having an accurate knowledge of an individual’s behavioral pattern and the associated perceptual and cognitive components (Abela & Hankin, 2007). Cognitions are defined as “an organized set of beliefs, attitudes, memories and expectations, along with a set of strategies for using this body of knowledge in an adaptive manner” (Reinecke, Dattilio, & Freeman, 2006, 3). Basically, cognitions denote an individual’s existing ideas or self-awareness, including expectations, values, objectives, attitudes, judgments, memories, and perceptions. It is crucial to take into account each of these factors when trying to understand and treat emotional and behavioral disorders. It is not possible, therefore, to differentiate the cognitive from the social. Cognitive processes are achieved, sustained, and operate in social environments. They are shaped and strengthened by parents, members of the family, and others in the immediate environment of the child, and play an adaptive role in structuring and controlling the child’s reactions to traumatic life episodes (Reinecke et al., 2006). This point of view is in agreement with ...
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Moreover, this sets up a basis for an even deeper relationship with the patient which is imperative in terms of trust. Trust in this field plays an important role in problem resolution in that when the patient opens up, the psychologist has the upper hand in that he can get a view of the issue from the patient’s end.
When anxiety becomes persistent, excessive, and out of control, where the person already experiences unrealistic worrying about everyday things, it is more likely associated with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). According to Anxiety Disorders Association of America (2011a), GAD affects 6.8 million adults, or 3.1% of the U.S.
The current increase in the use of CBT reflects its efficacy in treating mental disorders. The findings of previous studies showed that CBT is effective in treating mental disorders compared to other approaches (Leichsenring, et al., 2006). CBT pertains to the family of treatment approaches driven to influence dysfunctional emotions, and cognition trough systematic, time-limited, and goal oriented behaviours (Gilboa-Schechtman & Marom, 2009).
There are currently more or less 400 published studies on CBT. This increase is partly because of the continuous application of CBT in mental health nursing. However, numerous questions are still unanswered concerning the general efficacy of CBT, the degree to which its effects continue after the end of treatment, the characteristics of the control groups through which its efficacy has been determined, and varying efficacy by disorder.
These two main topics will be discussed thoroughly in the succeeding pages and compared on the aspects of their techniques, classification and other similar approaches, their focused clients and the requirements of a therapist.
"Person Centred Therapy (PCT), also known as Client-Centred Therapy is used to help a person achieve personal growth and or come to terms with a specific event or problem." The therapist encourages the patient to express feelings and does not suggest how the person might wish to change, but by listening and then mirroring back what the patient reveals, helps the person explore and understand his/her feelings.
Depression, anxiety, panic and phobias can cause disability of the patients and sometimes patients in this cognitive behavior problem commit suicide.
Cognitive behavior problems occurred when patient is thinking about distorted thing around him and the connection between troublesome situations and the reactions to them.
The term cognition is used in several different loosely related ways. In psychology it is used to refer to the mental processes of an individual, with particular relation to a view that argues that the mind has internal mental states (such as beliefs, desires and intentions) and can be understood in terms of information processing, especially when a lot of abstraction or concretization is involved, or processes such as involving knowledge, expertise or learning for example are at work.
Negative automatic thoughts not only make us feel bad or depressed, but they can also stop us from doing right things. We may find ourselves thinking "I'll not be able to do it, what's the point in trying" and finally we get depressed. Depression is a chronic illness that requires long-term treatment but most of the antidepressant drugs possess severe adverse.
In particular, this paper gives a reflective account of learning in relation to application of the principles of evidence-based CBT. To achieve this, the paper incorporates critical analysis of how various techniques are linked to