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INFECTION CONTROL Introduction Healthcare is provided to patients in different settings throughout the world. Whether the patients receive medical attention in makeshift clinics or in technologically advanced hospitals, there are chances that they may get infected by disease spreading micro organisms.
Ever since the hospital acquired infections were identified, steps have been taken to control them and over the years the frequency of occurrence has largely decreased. The hospital staff, especially the nursing unit, actively participates in keeping the infection occurrence down to ensure a speedy recovery and better quality of healthcare. One of the important duties assigned to me as a staff nurse is to prevent hospital acquired infections among patients. Infections prolong the stay of the patient by impeding the recovery process and they may also affect other patients and the hospital staff. According to Nemerow, Agardy and Salvato (2009, p. 156) the data collected over the years shows that fifty percent of the infections are preventable if proper measures are taken. It is therefore mandatory for a staff nurse to educate the patients and their visitors about the dangers of infections and their prevention. Though all the wards in the hospital are susceptible to hospital acquired infections, in this essay I will mainly focus on respiratory ward where I work as a staff nurse. ...
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