Health Care System and Policies Professor Like the rest of the global community, health care is indispensable for American nation. Its importance is evident in the political discourse of its constituents as people would make it as major social services agenda during national election and in deciding whom to vote…
Below are significant highlights of healthcare policies in America that are sequenced in a timeline: a. 1798 – Legislatures passed the act for the establishment of federal network of hospitals to serve the sick and disabled seaman or merchant seaman. This is considered as the foundation of the current US Public Health Service (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); b. 1862 – Former President Abraham Lincoln appointed Charles M. Wetherill, a chemist, to head the Department of Agriculture and established the Bureau of Chemistry which became the foundation of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); c. 1871 - US government created the office of Surgeon General (formerly known as Supervising Surgeon) for the Marine Hospital Service (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); d. 1878 – Legislator passed the National Quarantine Act to focus on quarantine functions (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); e. 1887- The federal government established and opened a one-room laboratory at Staten Island tasked to conduct extensive study on diseases and inspired the creation of National Institute of Health (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); f. ...
1906 – The Pure Food and Drugs Act was legislated to regulate the safety of medicines made and sold by pharmaceutical industry (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); i. 1912 – Former President Theodore Roosevelt wanted the establishment of Children’s Bureau to deal with issues on child exploitation (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); j. 1921 – The federal government created the Bureau of India Affairs Health Division which became the foundation in the creation of Indian Health Service (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); k. 1930 - The government institutionalized the National Institutes of Health as an independent office from Public Health Service’s Hygienic Laboratory (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); l. 1935 – Legislators passed the Social Security Act (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); m. 1938 – The Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic law was legislated (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); n. 1939 - Federal program and activities on health, education and health insurance were consolidated when Federal Security Agency was established (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); o. 1946 - The government institutionalized the Communicable Disease Center which became responsible on the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (US National Library of Medicine, 2012); p. 1953 – Under the administration of former President Eisenshower, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare was established in 1953. Anent to its operational specialization, the Department of Education Organization Act was legislated to make the office totally independent. DHEW was renamed as Department of Health and Human Services officially in May 4, 1980 (US ...
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Comparison of the American health care system and the Norwegian health care system leads to the conclusion that it is hard to consider one better than the other as the health care systems in both the countries have their own pros and cons.
Despite significant health care spending, health care is not accessible to many Americans including Low-income working individuals, Racial and Ethnic minorities, Working families, Childless and poor adults.
U.S. Medical Care System
What has been observed is that health care services may either be suitable and of high quality, highly priced or affordable. According to different studies and changing trends in medical health care services, the treatments and diagnosis have greatly improved over the years.
In addition, the WHO report indicates the probability of dying under the age of five per 1000 live births to be 11. This is a low mortality rate in children, indicating the improved healthcare systems in the country, which are superior as compared to the neighboring countries.
In the United States (U.S.), this is achieved by the implementation of insurance programs in the public or private sector insurance companies. Health care reform also seeks to expand the assortment of health care givers and practitioners to give health services consumers a wide variety to choose from.
On the other hand, microeconomic is an economic analysis branch studying economic behavior of an individual unit. Various units in the economy are studied, and their functioning to reach equilibrium determined. Microeconomics deals with the
However, health insurance is insurance which is placed against a risk of incurring medical expenses among individuals or groups. This is mainly done by estimating the overall risk of health care and any other health system expenses, an insurer can develop a routine
Additionally, the health care cost in the year 2012 represented 17.2% of the gross domestic product (GDP). The analysis was done between 2002 and 2012. In the year 2001, the National Healthcare represented only 14.1% on the gross domestic product (GDP).
Economists and healthcare experts worldwide are of the view that Canada’s healthcare system can be looked upon as a possible role model by all other countries. The prime appeal of the Canadian system lies in the fact that
Federal health care reforms, however, address problems of accessibility through legislation of 2010 health care reform Acts to help improve medical care access.
Among the highest percentage of American population experiencing limited health care access are
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