INTRODUCTION Up-to date research shows that most hospitals are abandoning patients or clients of mental health and drug abuse. McHugo (et al.,) 2006 elaborates how these patients get meager services at the clinical level. These patients who had co co-ccuring mental disorder would not get proper treatment and services…
A research survey done by Epstein, Barker, Vorburger & Murtha, 2004 showed that about 12%of people with this problem received integrated treatment. The treatment addressed two major concerns which were improving the reach of the clients in the hospitals by ensuring the services for treating the cases are available and two improving individual counseling, group counseling and residential treatment. However there are barriers to the integrated treatment such as lack of training and professionalism, finances issues and the organization itself that challenges the treatment of the substance and mental health. On the other hand Drake et al., Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 2005, New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, 2003, tend to differ since he has come up with training attempts to overcome these barriers. Since the early 1980s problems of co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorder have gradually been developed and tested.In the research there is a review regarding types of interventions, problems limiting the research and suggestion regarding future directions of the research. Current research shows that at least three types of integrated interventions for drug use disorder are effective with these two groups: counseling contingency management and long term residential patients. The other integrated treatment such as the Group counseling are reliable on factors such as education, skills building and friends and family support while the contingency management integrated treatment check mostly on substance use and do not rely on factors such motivation from others and other processes which involve learning and understanding of things. Other interventions treatments never show effects on drug use but they lead to improvements of the other integrators this is according to Ledger, wood & Petry, (2006). The researchers have drawn positive reasonable conclusions such as in the studies of individual counseling which were based so as to motivate the individual who was being interviewed. Eight studies were identified and then followed experiments which were mainly aimed on the outcome of the drug abuse. Four studies examined individual counseling and other three studies showed that substance abuse repercussions was unpredictable, (Baker et al., 2002a, 2002b; Hulse & Tait, 2002; Swanson, Pantalo, & Cohen, 1999. A single study of nine months was conducted by Barrowclough et al. (2001) and he documented some positive results but most of the experiments he conducted the outcomes of the drug abuse and other outcomes differences on substance use were not constant when the client was at his eighteen month of usage. The most recent studies indicate that group interventions are becoming more definite, standardized, and more effective. Bellack, Bennett, Gearon, Brown, and Yang (2006) came up with evidence that group counseling treatment have positive effects on those using drugs though one challenge they faced is that the patients must be willing to learn. Family intervention was aimed at improving the knowledge of the family members concerning the problems of the client and how they cope when the mental illness or substance abuse re -occur. A study was conducted for this and the results were positive but faded when interventions ended. Case management in this case means concrete work which is in build to improve ...
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(Research Methods Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Research Methods Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/13626-research-methods.
The aim of most sociologists is to carry out research that can be utilized to societal policy and benefit. Others principally focus on polishing the theoretic apprehension of social procedures. To enhance this there several research methods used in this field.
Precisely, the study focused on identifying the states in alcohol consumption and the behavior that different categories of drinkers would exhibit and the likely symptoms (physio-psychological) and consequences. The study identified three gradual states in alcohol consumption such as intoxication, tolerance, and dependence while behavioral categories related to alcohol consumption were use, abuse (noxious use), and dependence.
It can do this by masking, i.e., making it appear as though no relationship is present when one actually is, or it can imply there is a relationship when there is not. Therefore, a confounder will be related to both the independent and the outcome variable.
However unless this is qualified by qualitative means (post positivism), the numbers alone can often be misleading. For instance Sales or Productivity figures of a particular time period are of little value unless they are further
The author states that to test the effectiveness of the new drug on morbidly obese individuals he assumes that there is a causal relationship between dispensing the drug and its effectiveness in reducing appetite. To extend the conclusion to the whole population, this experiment must be conducted on a sufficient number of subjects.
Conversely, Qualitative researchers put efforts to evaluate the subjects and objects based on their qualities. “In quantitative research, the emphasis is on collecting data that lead to dependable answers to important
lts and make germane conclusions, researchers require using specific research methods that can be characterized with a great abundance (McNeill & Chapman 2005). It is fair to state that each research approach has its pros and cons that is why for every research problem, the
Qualitative research is a more subjective type of research whereby, a researcher introduces some bias to assist in forming a complete picture. This type of analysis is applicable in situations where a researcher is
Cruel beauty started long before women and men wore corsets in Europe to reduce their waists for aesthetic purposes. It reminded me of the Chinese small feet, where women’s feet were prevented from growth by tying them tightly from the 10th to the 19th
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