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Proposed research on effects of progressive muscle relaxation rechniques on chronic pain among cancer patients - Essay Example

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Proposed research on effects of progressive muscle relaxation rechniques on chronic pain among cancer patients

Research Strategy…………………………………………………………….11 c. Indexes and database…………………………………………………………11 d. Exclusion and Inclusion principles………………………….……………......12 Chapter 3 a. Reading and Evaluation of the study…………………………………………13 b. Data Analysis………………………………………………………………..14 c. Data Extraction………………………………………………………………14 d. Evaluation of the Study………………………………………………………20 e. Summary and conclusion………………………………………………………20 f. References…………………………………………………………………......24 g. Appendixes……………………………………………………………………..25 Chapter 1 a. Abstract The proposed research for this study will discuss the progressive muscle relaxation and its techniques along with the effect that it has on chronic pain in patients with cancer. The techniques discussed can have a significant impact on reducing and relaxing chronic pain in patients with cancer. ...
Chronic pain is extremely common in patients with cancer, especially those who are found in stage IV of the disease (Ahles, 2005). Pain can be divided into four types basing on the levels of intensity. These are weak, moderate, sever, and very severe (Godfrey, 2005). All analgesic therapy in cancer patients is based on the use of non-narcotic, narcotic, and support (adjuvant) drugs, the use of which forms the basis of a three-step approach to pain management which was developed and proposed by the world health organization (American Cancer Society, 2006). According to American Cancer Society (2006), one third of all cancer patients suffer from moderate to severe pain related to their cancer and over 50% of patients diagnosed with cancer suffer from some form of pain. The most common types of pain related to cancer are due to the cancer tumor and the treatment (Altice & Jamison, 2009). Unlike those who suffer from chronic pain that is unrelated to cancer, those with cancer experience pain in more than on area. (Melzack (2005) noted that pain can be both acute and chronic and often varies in presentation and that such pains are associated with the consequences of changes in psychosocial relationships, decreased quality of life, and increased rates of depression, as well as in anxiety. However, patients and providers often find that pharmacologic therapy does not completely control pain associated with cancer (Altice & Jamison, 2009). Altice and Jamison (2009) advanced a notion that Pharmacologic management of pain often comes with side effects such as nausea, constipation, drowsiness, pruritus, sedation, and delirium. Altice and Jamison (2009) concluded that complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies, including mind-body techniques, are ...Show more

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Proposed Research on Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques on Chronic Pain among Cancer Patients Name Institution Table of Content Chapter 1: a. Introduction…………………………….……………………………………4 b. Background to the study…………………………………………….……………………………5 c…
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