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Left Bundle Dranch Blockade and Atrial Fibrillation
Pages 10 (2510 words)
Student Name: Professor: Subject: Date: Left Bundle Branch Blockade and Atrial Fibrillation: A case study Introduction Older adults are more vulnerable to experience postoperative complications like cardiovascular, pulmonary, and neurologic aberrations due to the effects of aging on the physiological capabilities of their body systems.
As a matter of fact, cardiac rhythm irregularities appear even on non cardiac surgeries caused by the overall injury and trauma. Homeostatic balance can be more difficult and challenging to manage in this particular age group. In this paper, a case study of an older patient diagnosed with Left Bundle Branch Block (LBBB) and fast Atrial Fibrillation (AF) after a Total Knee Replacement (TKR) will be discussed, including the assessment, pathophysiology, treatment and management. Atrial fibrillation (AF) may result after a Total Knee Replacement (TKR) especially in older adults as a consequence of hypercoagulability and proinflammatory states associated with anaesthesia and surgical trauma, hyperadrenergic state related to perioperative stress, hypoxia, and hypovolemia leading to increased myocardial oxygen demand. Specifically, tachycardia as the heart’s compensatory mechanism to supply the systemic circulation leads to subsequent arrhythmias. In addition to AF, Left Bundle Branch Block (LBBB) also occurs as an associated condition in older adults above 75 years old due to vascular incompetency and stasis. ...
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