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Current trends in Mental health
Pages 12 (3012 words)
Current trends in Mental Health This paper will seek to present a discussion and a detailed evaluation of a current trend in the Mental Health practice, presenting a rationale for the care or intervention which is based on appropriate evidence and evidence-based research.
Before a discussion of the current topic can be started, it is important first to adequately define mental illness. Mental illness is defined by the Mental Health Act (2005, p. 1) as a health condition which “changes a person’s thinking, feelings, or behaviour (or all three) and that causes the person distress and difficulty”. It also includes various health conditions which are defined by defects of the individual’s normal cognitive, emotional, and behavioural functions, and caused by social, genetic, and psychological factors, including infection or head trauma. Under the Care Programme Approach, these health conditions have to be adequately evaluated in the patient and a plan of care efficiently established. The current trend chosen by the author is the Care Programme Approach (2011). The Care Programme Approach or the CPA was first established in England for individuals with mental illnesses, referred to psychiatric professionals. This programme requires Health Authorities, in coordination with Social Services Departments, to establish specific arrangements for the care of mentally ill patients in the community setting (CPA, 2011). This programme has four main considerations or aspects: assessment, a care plan, a key worker, and regular review (CPA, 2011). ...
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