Nursing Informatics Telehealth and
Graves and Corcoran’s Data-Information-Knowledge
This paper seeks to describe how the perspective of Graves and Corcoran on data information technology theory influenced the emergence and development of telemedicine or telehealth.
Tone (2011) quoted Graves and Corcoran (1989) to have said that nursing informatics is “a combination of computer science, information science, and nursing science designed to assist in the management and processing of nursing data, information and knowledge to support the practice of nursing and the delivery of patient care.”
In turn, nursing informatics is part of healthcare informatics that Guenther (2006, p. E-92) had reported to have been defined by Saba and McCormick (2001) as “the integration of health sciences, computer science, information science, and cognitive science to assist in the management of health care information.” The striking similarity of the definitions between nursing informatics and health informatics should not be a surprise. It is highly likely that Graves and Corcoran have influenced the entire field of healthcare informatics as health care informatics may have influenced Graves and Corcoran.
However, Guenther (2006, p. E-92) reported that medical informatics is a term that have been in used since the mid-70s and had referred to “information technologies that concern patient care and the medical decision-making process.” Further, Guenther (2006, p. E-92) reported that the term nursing informatics “was not seen in the literature until 1984” even if Guenther reported that nurses have been working on nursing informatics for more than twenty-five years as of 2006. It is not clear from Guenther who started the term nursing informatics in 1984. ...