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Daniel Mutiso Topic: Myocardial infarction. Introduction. Myocardial infarctions or acute myocardial infarction (MI) is commonly called heart attack and is a serious disease of coronary which occurs due hardening or narrowing of arteries when cholesterol plaque builds up.
The infarction site depends on which vessels are involved. For example, if blockage occurs in circumflex coronary artery, this leads to lateral MI while blockage of right coronary artery can lead to right sided heart failures (Life nurses forum: Nursing care plans For Myocardial infarction). There are many predisposing factors to the higher number of MI cases. Some of these factors can be controlled while others cannot. These factors are; age, gender, positive family history of MI, high blood pressure, obesity, high levels of cholesterol, lack of physical activity, diabetes, stress, hypertension, increased serum triglycerides, excessive intake of saturated fats, salt and carbohydrates (Salim). Other risk factors includes, sedentary life, increased homocysteine and C -resistance proteins and use of drugs such as amphetamines and cocaine (Life nurses forum: Nursing care plans for myocardial infarction; (Haffner).About 20% of patients with MI have diabetes (Salim). ...
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