Critical appraisal of research reports Critical appraisal of research reports Critical appraisal of research reports Introduction Critical appraisal of research reports varied with the two main kinds of researches as they had different components. These two major varieties of research were used in the nursing care researches as in any other discipline…
In the quantitative research, plenty of information was already available and features were classified, counted and statistical models constructed for the study. The qualitative research was subjective and usually related in the participant’s own words and the researcher was not aware of the information he was looking for. The researcher was well aware of what he was searching for in quantitative research and the study was well-designed before data was collected. Qualitative researches were recommended when new subjects were dealt with in research projects. When some amount of information became available in the later phases, quantitative research was done to quantify measures. The researcher was responsible for collection of data in qualitative research while tools were used in quantitative research. Subjective interpretation was made in qualitative research while more objective interpretation was made in quantitative research. The data in qualitative research was richer and had details while the data in quantitative research consisted of numbers and statistics. Nursing research could also be a mixture of both: two parts of a research could be found with a different type of research in each part. This paper has been written to critically analyze a qualitative and a quantitative research, both relating to urinary incontinence in women. Borello-France et al (2008) used a quantitative research to compare the results of post-intervention of pelvic muscle exercises in the follow-up period of an intervention study of the influence of exercises on urinary incontinence. Zeznock and Gilje (2009) conducted a qualitative phenomenological study to understand the lived experiences of Alaskan women who had urinary incontinence, when this topic had not been studied by other researchers. The differences have been noted through the paper. Borello-France, D. F., Downey, P. A., Zyczynski, H. M., & Rause, C. R. (2008). Continence and quality-of-life outcomes 6 months following an intensive pelvic-floor muscle exercise program for female stress urinary incontinence: A randomized trial comparing low- and high-frequency maintenance exercise. Physical Therapy, 88(12), 1545-1553. The report had not been from a peer –reviewed publication; however the research had been current. This descriptive post-intervention study had been written well and had been grammatically correct and in good language. The paper had been laid out in an organized manner. All the researchers had been experts in their own field. There had been a surgeon who had been actually performing pelvic reconstruction surgery, a nurse practitioner who had been caring for the concerned patients and two physical therapy experts who had been Professor and Associate Professor in Physical Therapy in two different Universities. The latter two had PhDs possibly contributing to the high level of the research and paper. The title was precise, clear and unambiguous even though the number of words used made it a long one. A clear overview of the study could be obtained. The report had been logically constructed and there was a steady flow of information with clear linkage. The abstract provided a succinct overview of the research. The purpose of the research study or objectives, the method of study, size of sample, measurements to be made, results, discussion and conclusions were found in the abstract. The purpose of t ...
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