The paper gives detailed information about the concept of addiction. Addictive behaviours are inherited and there is little a person with susceptibility genes can do to prevent their onset. Addiction used to be considered a vice in medieval times and even till the Victorian age…
To better understand what can be done and what the genetic component to addiction means, we first have to analyse the concept of addiction and then examine how the genetic model compares with several other models which explain addictive behaviour as well as the reality that we have in treating and handling addiction as it dealt by with the courts of law and a morally guided culture.
The Concept of Addiction
As discussed by Peele et. al. (1998) the basic concept of addiction can be understood as the visible, quantifiable, and often pathological activity of an individual that displays its inability to leave a habit which creates a desire for a physical substance or the engaging in a particular act. This concept was further developed by Compton (2001) who adds that the addictive behaviour may be due to a mental or a physical dependence which is based on a person’s habit. This is certainly an improvement over the common understanding of addiction in which a person is said to be addicted if s/he continues to use a substance despite causing harm to his/her person.
When a person is at such a state, the addictive behaviour exhibited by the individual can increase with time. This increase can be represented in several ways which include an increase in the amount or the frequency of using the addictive substance or exhibiting the addictive behaviour. ...
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However, the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) suggests that the both the conditions should be ideally treated concurrently in spite of practical difficulties in the comprehensive treatment of Comorbidity. Various studies also indicate concurrent treatment of both the disorders.
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Since this time, MDMA has attracted a great deal of research with respect to the longterm effects that use and overuse of this particular drug has upon the individual. A great majority of this research has been concentric upon the after-effects of use and overuse with regards to the side effect of depression that often ensues following heavy MDMA usage.
Oei, A. Morawska, 2004). While different definitions argue about the quantity consumed, most of them agree on the frequency with which increased consumption occurs. Despite certain contradictions, 2 weeks time frame has been generally acknowledged(T.P.S. Oei, A.
According to Roberts and Koobs (1997), "addiction is defined as a compulsion to use alcohol or other drugs and the occurrence of withdrawal symptoms when long-term consumption ceases." These symptoms are
Smoking is considered as one of the major causes of severe respiratory illness as well as the co-morbidities that it poses. The agony and torture brought about by the slow progression of diseases brought by smoking such as emphysema or bronchitis could eventually lead to a dreadful state of lung cancer where the process becomes irreversible.
In the same manner that the physical features of a person are still nurturing at this stage, his or her personality is also developing. While genetic composition of a person dictates his or her physical growth, the quality of the nourishment that the body receives also
As the report stresses minor depressive symptoms can be short-term, stemming from a traumatic life event or even as a side effect of a medicinal regimen and is usually coped with effectively without psychiatric intervention. Major depressive symptoms are of more concern to the psychiatric community and include severe symptoms.
In spite of the massive body of knowledge that has been gathered on the topic of addiction (both psychological and physical), addictive behaviours still remain a broad and misunderstood area of research, with many aspects of the topic still unexplored, and many specific
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