HAND HYGIENE Introduction Hand hygiene is, ideally the simplest and the most basic practice and routine for people in order to avoid illnesses. It is a widely recognized fact that an individual can be a primary source of diseases. Unfortunately, there is a tendency for hand hygiene to be overlooked…
98) Recent statistics underscore the seriousness of this practice as about 80,000 people die annually because of infections that result out of poor hand hygiene. (p. 98) Description of Literature on the Subject Hand hygiene is considered part of the fundamental healthcare standards for health care providers. It is expected, hence, that it is sufficiently covered in the corpus of medical literature, particularly in health care service. To verify this, several medical references were exhausted, ranging from medical standards, disease treatment and control, best practices in the industry, to medical guides for professional health care, among other related sources. A special attention was given to those nursing-related references. The investigation of the literature revealed a comprehensive and detailed academic works that have been undertaken according to scientific and medical standards. All in all, the literature is credible, authoritative and complete. Effective Hand Hygiene The book, The Foundation of Nursing (2005), explained that hand hygiene includes “hand washing (using plain soap and water), antiseptic hand wash (using antimicrobial substances and water), antiseptic hand rub (using alcohol-based hand rub), and surgical hand antisepsis (using antiseptic hand wash or antiseptic hand rub preoperatively by surgical personnel to eliminate transient resident hand flora). (White, p. 527) Numerous sources are one in explaining in detail the procedures by which the previously outlined hand hygiene procedures can be effectively carried out. Gregory and Mursell (2010) summed them into the following guide: 1. All wrist and hand jewelry should be removed prior to hand-cleansing. Cuts and abrasions must be covered with waterproof dressings. Finger nails should be kept short and free from nail polish. 2. Hand washing techniques involve three phases – preparation, washing and rinsing, and drying: a. Wet the hands under running tepid water BEFORE applying cleaning preparations. b. Hand wash solution must come into contact with ALL of the surfaces of the hand. c. The hand must be RUBBED together for between 10 to 15 seconds paying particular attention to the tips of the fingers, the thumb and the areas between the fingers. d. Hands should be rinsed thoroughly before drying. 3. When decontaminating hands using an alcohol hand-rub, hands should be free of dirt and organic material. The hand-rub solution must come into contact with all surfaces of the hand. (p. 231) Current Practice Even though hand hygiene requires very simple procedure and supposedly form part of the standard routines of medical professionals, its compliance rate is as low as 50%. (Creedon 2005, p. 208-216) Mayers’ (2009) work was more detailed and dismal in depicting this statistics. He found that compliance with hand hygiene and proper glove use ranged from 9% to 25%. (p. 1284) Indeed, according to Dixon’s (2008) research, staff members do not wash hands enough, at the right time to employ optimal technique and that efforts at interventions such as education and training in order to increase compliance are not overly successful. (p. 247) Several reasons are given why medical service providers fail to practice proper hand hygiene besides sheer neglect. Some of these are listed below: 1. dermatitis and skin problems, which affect that frequency of ...
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Health care frauds are becoming a widespread problem today that needs immediate attention of authorities. The objectives of this research paper is to explore the implications of the cost of health care fraud, abuse and waste, depicting the various aspects of these activities and the measures government has taken in the form of rules and regulations.
of changing hand hygiene practices at the point of care for Registered Nurses, Licensed Practice Nurses and Nursing Assistants, while providing direct patient care on: Long Term Care Units (5A; 5C; CLC-B); Medial-Surgical Unit, (4M and 4S) and Intensive Care Units (4C).
The conclusion from this paper states that nonsocomical infections are serious infections spread during the course of patient hospitalization. Such infections are quite dangerous as they result in lower defenses, in patient bodily systems. In order to deter the occurrence of nonsocomical infections, hand hygiene is of paramount importance.
Hence, the paper suggested proper implementation of NAHQ Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice and also discussed the strategies to be framed for the same to ensure maximum effectiveness of the entire process. Change Management It is a universal fact that change is one of the most constant aspects in lives of people.
rubs/ABHRs) to effect such practices in clinics and hospitals; professional health care workers are said to be the common starting point of nosocomial infections that abound within the actual health care situation because most of them do not conform with proper sanitation,
Hospitals across the country have been suffering a wide range of problems related to poor hand hygiene. In this article authors assert that despite several research showing the significance of hand hygiene in controlling the nosocomial diseases in hospital there has been low response in embracing the idea.
According to the author of the text, recent reports indicate that about 200,000 patients fall victim of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), with a large fraction of them succumbing to the infections and passing away. Besides, existing literature points to the fact that hand hygiene plays a vital role in preventing HAIs.
The objective is that by the end of the year, the number of visits to the clinic as a result of poor hygiene will reduce by half and that the deaths caused by diseases such as cholera and typhoid will decrease. The campaign is based on the latest research that shows that most people in Zimbabwe become sick because they are oblivious to the effects of poor hygiene.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
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