Jean Watson’s Theory of Caring Module name: Module no: Submission name: The Paper Born and brought up in West Virginia, USA, the name and works of Dr. Jean Watson are not unfamiliar in the field of nursing. Being dint of her innate compassionate feelings, great enthusiasm and dedication to the nursing profession, she has rendered valuables services for the cause of the suffering humanity, in the treatment of which she has made sincere and unflinching efforts for the last five decades…
Furthermore, she also presented a wonderful theory under the title “Carative Theory of Nursing”, where she has depicted divergent features and characteristics of nursing by paying special concentration upon the displaying sympathetic attitude towards the patients. She also authored books on the discipline, where she laid stress upon the significance of the behavior of the medical staff in the fast recovery of the patients. Watson presented his famous theory of caring in 1979, where she declares caring as an essential element to save the life of the patient. She is of the opinion that care is not confined to look after the patient under treatment according to the instructions issued by the hospital management or by the senior medical officials. On the contrary, caring contains complete code of ethics and morality in its wide scope, which includes complete involvement of the nurses in the personal, mental, physical, professional and even domestic problems of the patients for the creation of an amicable environment for sharing the pains and sufferings the patients are undergoing. Watson looks for the complete care of the diet and nutrition of the patient, which is not confined to the providing of diet only. Rather, a healthy and beneficial food is a must during the disease, so that the ailment could be mitigated with the use of healthy diet including fruits, meet, vegetables and nuts. It is particularly the case with the patients suffering from stomach problems and dehydration. The care of the patient with gastrointestinal disease is complex and challenging. The reasons for the complexity are varied and different for each patient. Any of these variables can affect the nutritional health of the patient, an essential element of care that supports healing, recovery, and improved quality of life. (Childs, 2006) Watson has coined the notion intentionality, where she looks for observing of sincere efforts for the cure of the patients. The nurse’s moral commitment, intentionality, and personal use of the clinical caritas protect, enhance and potentiate human dignity, wholeness, and healing: this encourages the patient to create (or really, co-create) a meaning of a disease and treatment.” (Conway et al., 2010) Hence, if a nurse takes attending of the patients as an undue burden upon her, she would be unable to create and offer a pleasant environment to them. Consequently, the patients’ sufferings could not be mitigated while working with an iron face. On the other hand, such unpleasant environment may enhance their ailment in one way or the other. Thus, a nurse’s intentions pave the way towards the fast and unconditional convalescence of the patient. Watson also lays stress upon the strict exercising of care-giving and human values. By care-giving she simply means that the relation between the counselor and patient must be developed on the concrete foundations of trust, respect and affection, so that the patient could be in a position to provide the details of his illness along with the case history leading ...
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Several caring theories have been developed to enhance and preserve caring; some of which are Watson's theory, Leininger's Theory, Roach's theory and Boykin's theory. Watson theory, proposed by Jean Watson, is basically philosophy of caring and science and examines relatedness of various aspects of nursing like human science, human experiences, human caring, phenomena and human processes.
Bombarded by topics on care and healing, this revisited neglected aspects in nursing--foremost is caring persona. In theory of care in nursing, there is an attempt to enhance clients’ well being through “harmony within the mind, body and soul” (Basavanthappa, 2007, p.
She calls this caring attitude as composed of “carative” factors (from the word care) and is encapsulated in her seven major assumptions as contained in her theory of nursing. Furthermore, she elaborated on this theory in her ten “carative” factors that should serve as a guide in today's complex world of nursing.
Watson’s Theory of Caring in Modern Healthcare Setting.
Quality improvement programs, mainly associated with ‘culturally competitive care’, have intensified nurses’ workload and responsibilities in modern healthcare setting. Despite the challenging condition, which adversely affects their professional outlook, nurses are expected to comply with the values of caring practices.
In the contemporary age, a vast majority of the health care systems are going through a phase of administrative restructuring all over the world. This has potentially increased the risk of dehumanization of the care provided to the patients. Consideration of caring as the central objective of nursing requires the nurses to make an objective effort to secure patient care in their educational practices.
Watson’s Theory of Caring.
The last few decades witnessed an increasing emphasis on the role of nurses in the healthcare delivery system throughout the world. This increased responsibility brought increased workload and increased stress in the workplace.
Watson’s Caring Theory in Postpartum Disorder
Nursing theories explain phenomena relating to clinical practice particularly in providing care. It may define or describe concepts, health-related events and propose something about them either by explaining functions, relationships, associations and performance, among other related concepts (Rich, 2011, p.606).
Arts and humanities are the major constituents of caring science. Caring science can also be divided into a world of unity where people are united by the spirit of offering assistance to each other and the fact of being in relation or the relations ontology.
The theory suggested by Rosemarie Rizzo Parse, also known as Parse's Theory of human becoming gives an alternative to the conventional bio-medical approach and the bio-psycho-social-spiritual approach at the same time, it is one of many other nursing theories.