Stem Cell Research Instructor Stem cells in general are a topic of discussion for many. Some argue that stem cells and the research associated with stem cells is not necessary, unethical and a waste of time. Others argue that stem cells can be the cure for many cancers and diseases and are worth every risk…
After facts are viewed, an honest opinion can be formed. Viewing facts can involve going over pros and cons regarding stem cell research. What exactly are stem cells? Stem cells are known as “mother cells”, these mother cells can be classified into two different groups. The groups are separated into adult and fetal cells. The main factor that separates stem cells from other cells is their ability to rejuvenate and renew. (Arce, S., Mosqueda, M., Gaona, H., Mas, M., Cortes, M., & Rios, M. 2007) Since the cells are able to renew, it is obvious as to why these cells are of much importance and highly researched. Cells that are able to rejuvenate are said to be able to help cure many cancers, diseases and deformities. The use of stem cells can result in breakthrough medicines that scientist have been longing for. Stem cell research is very extensive and costly. The research is costly in ways other than funding. There are several different laws, religious, and bio ethical views that allow for stem cell research to be so controversial. When it comes to stem cell research, there are many ethical costs associated with stem cell research. The ethics associated with stem cell research allow for the research to be one of the most controversial types of research out there. This is especially so when dealing with embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells can be found in many different areas. The embryonic cells are found in the umbilical cord, placenta, and embryo. In order to obtain these embryonic stem cells, the donor is required to give full consent and must agree to give up the cells for research. This sounds so simple but this is one of the main factors that raise controversy. It is a fact that in order to obtain embryonic cells, there is no way to obtain the cells without destroying the embryo. (Kollmann 2010) Destroying the embryo, results in death to the unborn fetus. The destruction of the human embryo for research means that the research of the embryonic cells is conducted at the cost of a destroyed embryo. There are laws in place against this and many religious views strongly oppose this. Many places do not allow research of embryonic cells, since the cells are obtained through abortion. Only areas that are pro abortion allow embryonic stem cells for research. Benefits to the research must outweigh the risks. Many argue that the research and use of the stem cells does not outweigh the risks. The popularity of embryonic cells is favored over adult cells. This is so since the embryonic cells are able to virtually be reproduced into any cell of the body. (Johnson, Williams 2008) Since the cells are able to reproduce they can eliminate certain diseases and cancers by allowing the body to grow new cells and eliminate the bad cells. This is why many are in such favor of stem cell research. Those in power also take a stand in either favor of stem cell research. President Bush made an announcement during his American presidency that stated, “funding would be granted to further explore embryonic stem cell research’. (Johnson, Williams 2008) Many opposed this but the funding opened up many doors that allowed the stem cells to be used in new ways. Besides destroying human embryo to study stem cells, there are other cons that run against bio ethics and religious morals. When many think of stem cell research they think of cloning. Cloning is the ability to reproduce a copy of ...
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(“Stem Cell research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
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(Stem Cell Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Stem Cell Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/36974-stem-cell-research.
The author states that stem cells are those groups of undifferentiated cells which can generate specialized and differentiated cells and organs that have specific functions to perform. Two main sources of stem cells include embryos during the early phase of embryonic development and adult stem cells.
In that aspect, this paper is going to present in-depth research on stem cells and facts surrounding the stem cells. The paper will also analyze legal views of various countries concerning the stem-cell research. In addition, the paper will analyze various controversies that surround the stem-cell research alongside advantages and disadvantages of adopting stem cell research in the contemporary societies.
Stem cell research is particularly useful for patients suffering from hemophilia. Hemophilia is very complicated and stem cell research helps in curing it, there are other blood related diseases which can also be cured using stem cells this goes to show that we have made tremendous progress in the field of science and research.
The origin and development of stem cell research has elicited different reactions from many quarters. It has come to be known over the years as the stem cell research controversy. Many people do not agree with the research carried out on different organism cells (Pollack, 2012).
Advocates for stem cell research highlight its benefits and they support the laws which have been suggested in its favor. Others are however not highly enthusiastic about its application within the current health system. As a result, many laws and versions of stem cell research legislation have been suggested throughout the years.
In addition, the paper will analyze various controversies that surround the issue of stem-cell research and analyze the merits and demerits of stem-cell research. The paper will conclude with an elaborate conclusion bearing personal view with regard to the stem-cell research.
It was in the year 1998 that the University of Wisconsin scientists developed the first human embryonic stem cell lines. The medical field is eager to explore this field because of the possibility of generating replacement tissues for cells and organs that are not functioning.
Stem cell research began during the 19th century when it was found that certain cells in the body had the potential to transform into other cells and by the early 20th century greater research was being carried out on these potential cells. Stem cell research have been conducted on human as well as animal cells, and in general, stem cells are of 3 types namely, totipotent cells, pluripotent cells and multipotent cells.
Science and technology has developed so much that in the recent years scientists hope to use these cells to develop new tissues, treatments and potentially even organs for transplanting into a patient. First and foremost argument made by the scientific community is that human stem cell research is said to promise new life changing treatments and possible cures for many devastating diseases and injuries, such as Parkinson's disease, diabetes, heart disease, multiple sclerosis, burns and spinal cord injuries (Young 2-16).