Motivation theories for drug use and addiction

Motivation theories for drug use and addiction Research Paper example
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Psychology: Human Motivation Motivation Theories for Drug/ Alcohol Use and Addiction Introduction The addicted individual uses drugs frequently and in great quantities; if drug use is interrupted it is highly possible that they will return to drug use. This occurs despite the negative health consequences, besides adverse outcomes in the social, economic and functional spheres.


These early views on the reasons for continued drug use have been replaced by recent research which have contrasting perspectives that suggest that negative reinforcement is not a strong influence on drug motivation. Thesis Statement: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the motivation theories for drug/ alcohol use and addiction. Motivations for Drug Use Contemporary theory of the motivation for drug addiction makes paradoxical claims about the psychological basis for seeking drugs. Drug-seeking is considered to result from subjective craving for the positive effects of the drug, which suggests that this behavior is intentional. On the other hand, a key factor in the clinical diagnosis of drug dependence is that drug-seeking is resistant to the intention to quit, which means that drug-seeking is habitual or automatic. This is paradoxical, because drug seeking cannot be concurrently intentional and automatic (Hogarth & Chase, 2011). There are several reasons for people to take drugs. These include “peer pressure, relief of stress, to have increased energy, to relax, to relieve pain, to escape reality, to feel more self-esteem, and for recreation” (Columbia Encyclopedia, 2009, p.14591). ...
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