Maintenance of Social Hierarchies

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Culture refers to shared values, beliefs, life ways, norms, goals, attitudes and practices that are learned or transmitted from one generation to another. It is culture that dictates how people of a given group, organization or institutions think, behave, interact, communicate or make judgments about issues affecting them.


Changing treatment technologies, immigration of people from other parts of the world, different perceptions of culture and treatment approaches as well as rise in rights and gender of special groups such as lesbians and gays demand that nurses must be culturally competent. This is to be able to truly care for the sick in different communities. Without cultural competency, it is extremely difficult to offer fair and equal nursing care to all. There are two models that were used to describe culture and diversity. They are the theory of culture care: Diversity and Universality and Purnell model of nursing. The theory of culture care: Diversity and Universality focus on nursing and consequences of health care services. It also put emphasis on culture and care relationship as it focus on individuals. Finally, the theory acknowledges that caring is a universal concept that vary across different cultures. Purnell model brings communication, bio-cultural, high-risk behaviors, nutrition, workforce issues, pregnancy and childbearing practices, death rituals, health care practices and health care providers to explain culture more explicitly. ...
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