Running Head: RESPONDING TO SOCIETAL CHANGES: COMMUNITY POLICING Responding to Societal Changes: Community Policing [Name] [University] Responding to Societal Changes: Community Policing Introduction When reviewed from an analytical perspective the goals, "to serve and protect," become blurred the closer one scrutinizes the operation of law enforcement agencies (Byrne & Pease, 2008)…
In essence, the same words, "to serve and protect," might be on many police departments' patrol cars, but interpretation is left wide open to the many analysts engaged in the field. Body Traditionally, police officers have been viewed as soldiers engaged in a war on crime. This view has had the detrimental effect of focusing on ineffective strategies for crime control while resulting in a major cause of police violence and civil rights violations. The "war model" inaccurately portrays a ‘search and destroy’ mentality to banish crime, disorder, and the scourge of drugs (Byrne & Pease, 2008). According to DeParis (2000) it does not help that many police departments continue to use a bureaucratic, closed-system approach in an ever-changing and intrusive external environment. Such an environment results in an unstable situation (p. 108). Nevertheless, noteworthy changes in the policing philosophy have resulted in the movement towards community policing. Many feel that this movement is the result of police that have not been accountable to the community, but have served status quo interests. Researchers declare that the conversion from traditional policing to a community-oriented approach will be one of the most significant challenges affecting police organizations today (Gilling, 2007). With the help of responsible citizens and progressive police administrators there have been tremendous accomplishments in developing a form of policing that better meets the needs of the community. But Goldstein (2000) complains that the term "community policing" tends to be used indiscriminately to encompass the most ambitious project in policing to the most mundane, without regard for its true meaning. Politicians, administrators and police executives exacerbate the problem by misleading citizens into expectations that community policing will provide instant solutions not only for the problems of crime, disorder, and racial tension but for many of the other acute problems that plague the community as well. Of course, the failure of superficial programs with the community-policing label then adds to the frustration of not only the community, but also the police officers involved (Jean, 2007), One reaction in the law enforcement community has been to attempt definition and simplification of the community policing model. This presents a problem for such a complex process as policing. In fact, Goldstein (2000) argues, the field already suffers because so much in policing is oversimplified (p. 72). The criminal justice system has traditionally categorized and defined crime, violence, and disorder into simple convenient terms that act to disguise amorphous, complex problems. Oversimplification places a heavy burden on the police and complicates the police task. Goldstein (2000) explains that the police respond with such equally simplistic terms as "enforcement" and "patrol" in which the community is familiar but does not understand the methods they embrace or their value. Goldstein (2000) is concerned that if community policing is used as just another generic response or simplistic characterization of the police function this truly innovative approach will quickly lose credibility (p. 72) Another concern for police executives making the transition to community policin ...
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“Aspects of Policing Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/40328-aspects-of-policing.
The word “police” originated from the Latin word “politia” which means “civil administration.” The word “politia,” in turn, was derived from the Greek word “polis” which means “city.” Therefore, the very word police can be used to refer to the people involved in the administration of the city.
Community policing involves reforming conclusion making processes and developing new cultures within police officers departments- it is not a packet of specific tactical plans. Community policing assumes a commitment to broadly focused, problem-oriented policing and requires that police be responsive to citizens' demands when they decide what local problems are and set their priorities (Rohe, et al, 2001).
A central issue for police executives and public administrators in modern policing will be the role they play in shaping and developing social change, given its pervasiveness and accelerating rate (Johnson, 2003). Looking at civil disorder in the history of this young country, one can view the metamorphosis of the police function and how policy development has been applied, for better or worse.
Comparison and contrast and relation of policing vi. Challenges police departments face in policy implementation Community Policing Abstract Community-oriented policing (COP) involves the public during the resolution of crime while Problem-oriented policing (POP) has a professional scanning and analysis of problems in achieving a similar feat.
Predictive policing is an innovative concept applied by police departments to take proactive measures to prevent future crimes through the application of advanced technological tools and data analysis techniques.
According to the author, the success of the Compstat program in the New York police departments led to many other police departments across America adopting the model and sometimes altering it a little to form their own versions of it; according to the University of Maryland’s website on Implementing and Institutionalizing Compstat in Maryland.
The agencies work hard to help protect citizens from criminal activities which are becoming more sophisticated with time. The agencies conduct recruitments to increase the number of officers at every level to manage the growing population. They also do community policing to help create awareness among people about criminal activities and involve them in prevention of crime with programs such as D.A.R.E.
f of the police in 1983 for the Massachusetts Bay transportation authority and later he became metropolitan district commission of police superintendent. William Bratton holds the highest award for valor for being the New York City 34th police commissioner. He soon after left