Included in the topics to be covered are the different approaches that present the reasons for undertaking or employing euthanasia. Historical Roots of Euthanasia The history of euthanasia can be traced back to the reign of the Greeks and Romans when the term originated. Though it is meant to imply a good death, euthanasia is often deemed with negativity since it can be translated as physician-assisted suicide and compared to other ethical and moral social issues such as abortion, capital punishment, and issues related to beginning or ending of human life (McDougall, Gorman and Roberts, 2008, p.2). During the first to firth century, Greeks and Romans are allowed to access poison and choose death. The rise of the influence of Christianity during the Roman Empire had a great impact on the view on euthanasia. Death regardless of what reason was prohibited. During the middle ages, 5th to 15th century, the Catholic Church stressed the religious condemnation of euthanasia and that suffering is a sign of spiritual virtues of martyrdom. Then the Renaissance (14th to 17th century) came and changed the view on euthanasia through the discovery of modern scientific knowledge that are still influential in the present era. Thus, there is diversification of view on euthanasia since the church is still against the issue (McDougall, Gorman and Roberts, 2008, p.3-4). The view on euthanasia continuously changed as the Age of Reason came in during the 18th century. Scientific prowess opened the mind of the people regarding the need of every person to have a choice regarding death. In 1798, six colonies ceased the legal penalties for attempted suicide. The open mindedness of the authorities though made a frightening turn during the pre-WW II and Nazi Germany (1920-45) when the secretly approved government program that killed handicapped, mentally ill and people un asylums became the onset of Hitler’s Euthanasia Programme that even included people of least capability to defend themselves regardless of being healthy such as women and children (p.5). With the foundations of views and beliefs from the previous eras, the perspective toward euthanasia in the present era became divided. This is the main reason why it became a personal issue to decide on whether or not euthanasia should be applied. Law and medical ethics mandate the guidelines for euthanasia while the person himself and the relatives hold the decision to apply it. Philosophical Roots of Euthanasia Euthanasia is one of the main concerns in the field of medicine based on the fact that it is a controversial issue in ethics. The ethical question lies in the death of a person. If the person himself/herself consented for the act, there is a question the person’s right to take his/her own life. If the act is the decision of the relatives or the medical professionals since it may be the only solution left for the patient, there is a question on their right to decide the time when a person should die (Andersen and Taylor, 2007, p.552).
The objective of the paper “Euthanasia in Terminal Illness” is to explore the historical and philosophical roots related to euthanasia. Included in the topics to be covered are the different approaches that present the reasons for undertaking or employing euthanasia…
This first section focuses on public opinion on euthanasia. There is little question that euthanasia is a complicated issue. For the purpose of this paper euthanasia will refer to any activity that is enacted to enable a more rapid ending of a life that relieves pain and suffering of a patient.
8). In more ways, having a child indicated for complex and prolonged medical treatment can exhaust available resources, both in time, efforts, and financial funding. Such instances are affirmed by Heap (n.d.) revealing the struggles of family members in coping with their child’s worsening conditions, while juggling with finding sufficient resources, and support for sustenance with terminally debilitated pediatric patients.
This physician’s order is seen as the right ethical decision for most medical team if resuscitating has no reasonable benefit to the patient. However, its popularity among health professionals has evoked an issue as to whether the order is to be exercise or not more so if the patient is not informed.
Euthanasia is commonly referred as ‘mercy killing’ or a ‘good death’. It entails bringing about the death of a patient in belief that the existence of the patient is so bad that he or she is better off dead than alive.
Euthanasia means terminating an individual’s life with or without his/her consent. It differs from suicide in which the individual takes his/her life himself/herself without others’ help. In spite of the advancement of technology in all fields including medicine, objective treatment methods for many illnesses have yet not been discovered.
They include assisted suicide, active voluntary euthanasia and physician-aided suicide. In essence, these terms describe the ending of one’s suffering via termination of their life often via drugs administration. Today, Patients Rights Council (2012) reveals that assisted suicide is considered illegal in 47 U.S States apart from Washington, Montana and Oregon which support physician-assisted suicide.
death free of anxiety and pain brought about through the use of medication or deliberately putting an end to someone’s life in order to spare the individual from suffering”. Euthanasia is therefore believed to be beneficial to the person on whom it is brought about because
spite of the advancement of technology in all fields including medicine, objective treatment methods for many illnesses have yet not been discovered. Thus, some patients suffer from terminal illness that is described as a disease for which there is no treatment or cure, and is
ocesses include: identification of the dilemma, the potential issues involved, the relevant ethical codes, applicable laws and regulations, consultation on the dilemma, courses of action and the consequences of decisions made among others. The two that matter the most among all
2 pages (500 words)Research Paper
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