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Research Methods in Healthcare
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Research in Healthcare: An Overview Based on Polit and Beck (2004, p. 18), the purpose of research in healthcare is to address problems relevant for the healthcare professions. In all disciplines, there are two basic types of research: basic and applied. Basic research seeks to formulate or refine a theory while applied research attempts to find a solution to a practical problem (Polit and Beck 2004, p.
For Polit and Beck (2004, p. 14), two important paradigm in research are positivism and naturalism. Ontologically, the positivist paradigm asserts that reality is objective and singular while the naturalistic paradigm holds that reality is multiple and subjectively constructed by an individual (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). Epistemologically, the positivist paradigm considers that the researcher is independent of its subject and, thus, findings are not influenced by researcher (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). In contrast, the naturalistic paradigm assumes that findings are product of the interactive process between the researcher and the researched (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). Axiologically, the positivist paradigm maintains that values and biases must be rejected in the interest of objectivity but, contradicting this, the naturalist paradigm hold that subjectivity is unavoidable (Polit and Beck 2004, p. 14). ...
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