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Equal Employment Oportunity Commission
Pages 10 (2510 words)
Equal Employment Opportunities Commission Introduction As a result of the civil rights movement of the 1960s, the American public recognized the importance of ‘equal protection of the laws’. The mood of the entire public was in favor of a national debate on the provisions of the constitution towards racial segregation and wanted to know if prohibiting the use of ethnic, gender or racial based parameters was sufficient and appropriate in bringing about social justice.
It also forbade employers from recruiting or relieving employees on the based on gender or ethnicity. While the issue of race has been the cornerstone for the Civil rights act, the inclusion of gender into this provision happened much later due to the efforts of Representative Howard Smith. While skeptics alleged that Smith has done so in order to weaken support for the bill, the latter argued that he had done so only to demonstrate his support for the National Women’s Party. The inclusion of gender gains significance especially in cases where it is a distinctive attribute necessary for the job. The title VII of the Civil Rights Act led to the creation of the ‘Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC)’, which is the focus of this research study. The primary purpose of the EEOC is to ensure that no employers can (Choate, 2009): "fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions or privileges or employment, because of such individual's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin." McDermott (2009) says that the role and significance of the EEOC has expanded over the years due to subsequent laws. ...
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