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Maternal Obesity Introduction The terms overweight and obesity are related to those ranges of body weight that are in general considered to be unhealthy, being higher than the maximum weight recommended for a given height of an individual. The excess weight in obesity is a reflection of the excess of fat present in the body, which has a frequent consequence of significant impairment of health.
The health indicators were developed on the rationale that they related to several of the chronic disease states and the exercise of control over these indicators would lead to significant improvement of health to a high proportion of the population (Pivarnik, 2008). Obesity is considered to have reached epidemic proportions globally in the modern world. Along with growing rise of obesity in the general population, obesity during pregnancy is also on the rise. Obesity during pregnancy is now considered a common obstetric high-risk condition (Conway, 2011). Estimates suggest that one in four of women in the reproductive age group are obese in the USA (March of Dimes, 2010). This translates into one out of every five women being obese at the start of pregnancy highlighting the depth of the public health problem of maternal obesity (Kim et al, 2007). Significance of Maternal Obesity While in general the risk of obesity among the general population is heightened due to the life styles, the risk of obesity during pregnancy is even more because of the erstwhile practices and beliefs of women during pregnancy. ...
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