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Improving health for the psychiatric population - Essay Example

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Improving health for the psychiatric population

Moreover, stigma is related to this population, as they are discriminated against and shunned from the society. However, improving health for the Psychiatric population is possible, for instance, WHO in 2005 took the initiative of collaborating with the European commission in improving mental health (EU 2005 p3). Each person is entitled to a good mental health to enable them to adhere to their roles in school, family and at work. According to EC (2005 p4), “mental health is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes hi or her abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.” However, mental illness is accompanied by depression, stress, and mental strains, hence rendering a person incapable of acting normal. Nevertheless, Psychiatric problems may be hereditary, environmental, or economic. Psychiatric illness affects a country’s economy via loss of production through early retirement. Therefore, the need for mental health improvement on the general population is important; as its related challenges need to be addressed; for instance, stigma and human rights. Literature Review Studies on the psychiatric population have been conducted over the past years, including the causes, symptoms, and treatment. According to Stewart, et al (2009 p749), manual restraining was commonly used in Psychiatric hospitals as a way of managing violent behaviors of the patients. Violent behaviors among the psychiatric patients are usually high; therefore, manual restraint is commonly used to calm the patient down. This method involves restraining the patient on the floor in a prone position to restrict any movement; however, such reaction lasts for about ten minutes. Stewart et al (2009) further insist that manual restraint involves the risk of injury to the involved parties, but are common in staff members. According to a survey conducted on 269 nurses in the psychiatric care units, they agreed to the fact the manual restraint had positive outcomes, although it was stressful (Stewart, et al, 2009, p.753). Mental disorders are not only evident in adults, but also among the youths especially those in juvenile. These youths are rendered incapable of coping at school, at home and in the society, therefore ending up in juveniles. Nevertheless, due to lack of sufficient training of staff in the juvenile on mental health services, and lack of enough funds, the issue is not effectively addressed (Cocozza & Skowyra, 2000, p7). In addition, lack of screening and assessment has played a huge role in the reluctant of treating these youths with mental illness in the juvenile. However, youths can still stay at home if they can easily access treatment, which responds to their psychiatric issues. Nurses play a bigger role in ensuring that involuntary hospitalized mental patients accept their medication; as study shows that 75% of psychiatric patients who do not accept and take their prescribed medication are re-hospitalized after two years. However, most patients do not embrace re-hospitalization, therefore the need for nurse to intervene by negotiating with the patients until they accept their medication. According to a research that involved interviewing nurses on how they accomplish the task of making involuntary patients accept medication, this study proved that nurses tried to engage the patients in a conversation and discuss the benefits of the medication. Secondly, nurses ...Show more

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Running head: Improving health for the psychiatric population Insert Name Insert Insert 26 July 2011 Improving Health for the Psychiatric Population Psychiatric population suffers from mental illness; how can we improve mental health?…
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