Evidence-based analysis of the correlation between Schizophrenia and Cannabis addiction PART 1 INTRODUCTION During the practice of scientific medicine the established rules of evidentiary analysis must be applied with even more rigor, in the interest of preserving human life…
DEFINITIONS AND BRIEF IMPORTANCE OF CLINICAL PRACTICE The term evidence-based practice (EBP) or empirically-supported treatment (EST) refers to preferential use of mental and behavioral health interventions for which systematic empirical research has provided evidence of statistically significant effectiveness as treatments for specific problems. (Thomas & Pring, 2005) A way in which this benefits medicine would be in studying the effects of cannabis. This drug has been found to share commonality with schizophrenia. Immunology research has found common receptors located in in immune cells, spleen macrophages, to be specific. These have the ability to alter immune cell migration and cytokine-release within body tissues and in the brain, these receptors tend to be abnormal in schizophrenia patients. More findings that hint at a larger relationship between, not cannabis itself – but receptors it depends on, and a biological predisposition towards schizophrenia. Research such as this can bring nurses and medical technologists more fully into the treatment of psychiatric care. (Cabral & Staab, 2005) (Gong et al, 2006) An additional definition would be: "Evidence based medicine is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. “Sackett et al's (1996, 71-72) And in this clinicians must integrate personal clinical expertise with the most cutting-edge external clinical evidence from systematic research. Another vital factor in Evidence-based practice is quality or performance improvement; how to streamline services in order to maximize the most efficient use of resources? (Bayea & Slattery, 2006) By definition: Performance Improvement (PI) is a method for analyzing performance problems and setting up systems to ensure good performance. PI is applied most effectively to groups of workers within the same organization or performing similar jobs. (Intrahealth.org 2011) A possible example would be to make systematized evaluations of patient needs based on probabilities. For instance, schizophrenics have a 25% higher proclivity towards illicit drug abuse than the general population. (Jablensky, 2000) Also, in studies of the neuropathology of the psychiatric disorder schizophrenia, findings have emerged which link the condition to brain receptors that are actually susceptible to molecules of cannabis. Schizophrenia is a challenging psychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 0.4% amongst the general population. (Desfosses et al. 2010) This can inform clinical choices, and influence the circumstances under which certain batteries of tests are ordered, and for whom, saving time and money. PART 2 ASPECT OF PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE AND RATIONALE I have chosen for the exploration of Evidence-based Practice a linkage between susceptibility to cannabis, and the neurological disorder, schizophrenia. Clinical research has established a connection, and where such associations occur, it behooves clinicians to explore the phenomenon to aid diagnostic tools. Among the atypical antipsychotics used to treat schizophrenia, there are risks factors. Among these medications is clozapine (Clozaril). It is a ...
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(Evidence Based Practice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Evidence Based Practice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/43568-appriasal-of-evidence-evidence-based-practice.
This being the case, it becomes necessary to understand what exactly Evidence based practice (EBP) is and why it is such an important contribution in the medical field. To start with evidence based practice is a resource intensive method that allows medical practitioners make decisions that help them promote healthcare using available evidence.
This essay addresses the barriers that exist against using evidence-based practice in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. It will also evaluate different strategies that can be used to develop the use of evidence-based practice among critical nurses who tend to older patients suffering from atrial fibrillation.
The clients of this facility are the elderly patients who require nursing care services. Those with physical disability are also attended to in this care home. Physiotherapy, independent living training and palliative care are the services offered in the care home (Care and Social Services Inspectorate Wales, 2012).
Furthermore, some interventions which reliable researches showed to have significant benefits have been largely ignored. By bringing together the results of research in a systematic way, appraising its quality in the light of question being asked synthesizing the results in an explicit way and making the knowledge base more accessible, it is hoped to foster a greater sensitivity to the evidence by researchers, policy makers, health practitioners and the public.
However, the use of the term "evidence based" had confused many practitioners. Several researches were done to clarify the term. Aside from misconceptions and misinterpretations, evidence based nursing practice is also plagued with debates and issues that need to be resolved.
Its goal is to eliminate unsound or excessively risky practices in favour of those that have better outcomes.
"Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is a thoughtful integration of the best available evidence, coupled with clinical expertise. As such it enables health practitioners of all varieties to address healthcare questions with an evaluative and qualitative approach.
These companions could either be in the institution where the patient is, in a private home that offers care to such patients, or could be family members or other people paid to care for the patient (Klonsky 1039).
ed need for the increase in the number of Acute Care for the Elderly Units to allow for the provision of specialized quality care for this group of patients (Jaipaul & Rosenthal, 2009; British Geriatric Society, 2012).
With geriatric care being a key area of interest for me,
Thus, they ensure that the participants remain updated on any new occurrences during the research process.
Evidence-based practice is a critical approach to offer the unsurpassed quality care to patients as
Similarly, evidence-based practice (EBP) is more of a specific approach, which can be part of the EBT (Spitz et al., 2007). The EBP approach involves the concerned family members through the treatment process, engaging with direct communication with the patient through
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