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Quantitative Research Article Critique - Assignment Example

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Quantitative Research Article Critique

In relation, this paper will conduct a critique of a study by Maida, et al. (2010) regarding the treatment preferences of patients with advanced cancer. The details of the mentioned study were published in a nursing article in the tenth volume of the BMC Cancer Journal. One of the major problems that became apparent in the article was that the study problem was not explicitly stated in the study’s abstract, and it was not until in the later parts of the Background that the reader becomes aware of the study’s intent to analyze patient preferences on conservative palliative management (CPM) versus active and aggressive medical management (AAMM) in end-of-life care. In fact, only the study’s aims were mentioned, and the research problems as well as hypotheses were not clearly stated in the paper. Nevertheless, the chosen topic in the study is very much significant in the field of nursing since it provides a medium for guaranteeing “Patient-Centered Care” (PCC), one of the primary advocacies of nursing (Mitchell, Bournes, & Hollett, 2006). Indeed, this emphasis on PCC served as among the basic justification for the study, and the highlighting of PCC was used as part of the basic conceptual framework of the study, albeit this framework was rather implied, and not explicitly stated. ...
Nevertheless, a strong point of the study is that its review of literature flowed logically and although it was brief, the literature review was able to adequately justify the need for the study. Methods In terms of methodology, another weak point of the study is in the fact that it failed to comprehensively discuss its study design. In fact, the research design was not mentioned at all in the study. Instead, the reader has to infer what possible design was utilized for the study. At a first glance, the study appeared to have utilized a qualitative design; however, upon analyzing further the purpose of the study, it can then be inferred that the study utilized a quantitative design. This design fortunately meets the purpose of the study since although the study emphasized the exploration of the patient’s preferences on end-of-life care, it actually attempted to create a correlation between these preferences and the demographic characteristics of the respondents who chose either CPM or AAMM. Thus, this design determined the need for a large sample and both inferential and descriptive statistics (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2006). The study sample consisted of cancer patients who were referred to a palliative program in Toronto, Canada. The paper provided a brief discussion of the sampling procedures, and thus, the authors failed to provide a justification of the size of the sample. Despite this weakness, the authors were able to clearly and concisely describe the study protocol, data measurement, as well as the instruments used in the study (i.e. questionnaire, Palliative Performance Scale [PPSv2], etc.), which were successfully able to measure the data they were supposed to measure. With these, the authors were able to present ...Show more

Summary

Running head: QUANTITIVE ARTICLE CRITIQUE Quantitative Article Critique: End-of-Life Care Number) (Name of Professor) Quantitative Article Critique: End-of-Life Care Introduction In the past years, a heightened emphasis on Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) prompted the need for more studies supporting nursing interventions…
Author : lonie67
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