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Principles of Healthcare - Essay Example

Comparison and Contrast Equitable access to healthcare is an important health parameter. The government and the healthcare sector have been making sincere efforts to deliver quality healthcare to all socio-economic groups. However, there is no proper definition of this concept. Most often, the principles of ethics and universal access are collectively used to define it as the provision of equal treatment to patients with the same medical requirement, regardless of all other factors including origin, ethnicity and income levels. Ashcroft (2007) terms this as the ‘horizontal equity’ in the healthcare system. Although universal and equitable access to healthcare is professed widely, patients often face numerous obstacles in benefiting from this policy. Goldsmith (2011) notes that the only way to overcome these barriers if by transcending beyond the assumptions made under universal access and coverage. He further suggests that these barriers result due to inefficiencies in the supply chain within the healthcare system. For instance, there are wide variations in the levels of insurance coverage, cost sharing, geographical limitations and the maximum utilization capacity of hospitals and clinics. The primary objective of community participation is to ensure the involvement of everyone in the process of delivering universal healthcare (Pointer, 2009). Often, this is achieved through the promotion of public support for relevant policies and programs and also through compliance with the applicable legislation. Several governments around the world have initiated healthcare programs to engage the active participation of the people and improve transparency across the whole system. However, there are issues in policy definition and the operational methods that are used to facilitate such involvement. For instance, corruption is a major issue in developing nations that makes it inaccessible for the poorer sections to benefit from inclusive or subsidized healthcare programs. Gillon (2004) cites other factors like social oppression (such as socio-economic stigmas and discrimination in countries like China and India) that prevents people from participating effectively. Nevertheless, community participation initiatives are used to eradicate social issues like alcoholism and drug addiction through methods like behavioral interventions and awareness campaigns. Casto (2006) says that special programs like childcare and development are built upon previous experiences. For instance, governments in developing countries like Brazil and India have started programs to curb malnutrition among children in underprivileged regions. To achieve this, children are provided nutritious meals at schools to ensure that they receive the proper supplements. Such policies have achieved immense success at curbing common problems like Anemia and Scurvy (Pointer, 2009). Other government initiatives like vaccination programs have succeeded in eradicating common diseases among children like Poliomyelitis (and are often offered for free). However, these programs require extensive coordination among various sectors and governmental departments. Thus, the principle of inter-sectoral approach is an aiding factor in ensuring universal access to healthcare in an equitable manner. Principles in a Pediatric Hospital system The primary goal of any pediatric hospital is to provide high-quality healthcare to a child in need and give every opportunity ...Show more


Principles of Healthcare The development of healthcare systems is based on certain core principles that were first outlined in the 1978 Alma-Ata declaration (Goldsmith, 2011). These principles include Equity, Universal Access, Community Participation and Inter-sectoral approach…
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Principles of Healthcare
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