Due to the protracted and still lingering economic crisis, legislators and other administrators have implemented budget cuts in the health care sector. These budget cuts have affected all aspects of health delivery, from staffing ratios, salaries of staff, to the purchase of equipment and hospital supplies. In terms of nursing staff, budget cuts have translated to fewer nurses being hired and lower pay for nurses hired; it also translates to nurses caring for an overwhelming number of patients – more than they can safely and adequately care for. The application of financial management the resolution of the health care issue in this case has gone through the stages of planning, controlling, organizing, and finally decision-making (Baker and Baker, 2011). It is unfortunate to note how the health financing process has resulted to budget cuts in health care and in this case, in the nursing profession.
Inadequate nursing staff caring for an overwhelming number of patients is one of the major contributory factors to nursing burnout, and such burnout often leads to medical errors in the practice. There seems to be an agreed consensus on the relationship between nurse staffing and improved patient outcomes. In other words, with higher patient staffing levels, better patient outcomes seem to be more apparent (Garrett, 2008). The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality sets forth that nursing burnout can often compromise health care services. Chronic fatigue, as well as limited sleep and lack of rested sleep are common issues among nurses and other health personnel. In the documented case of Julie Thao, accounts reveal that she worked two 16 hour shifts back to back and at one point fell asleep at a hospital cot. Upon awaking, she administered the wrong medicine to a patient. Unfortunately, this led to her patient’s death (Garrett, 2008). She pled no contest to criminal neglect and was sent to jail for such ...
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To facilitate such understanding, health practitioners should be able to read research critically and analyze it effectively to incorporate it (Burns & Grove, 1997). Not all research qualify as offering best practice standards despite being published (Cullum and Droogan, 1999;Polit and Beck, 2006), and nurses should have the ability to determine if a certain research offers credible evidence to be applicable for practice by critically appraising its strengths and limitations (Valente, 2003; Burns and Grove, 1997).
Staffing is a managerial function that involves recruitment of personnel, selection, orientation, and evaluation of subordinates. Worldwide institutions face problems of poor staffing and this affects their performance adversely. Some institutions have poor conditions that may end up with discouraging of the staff and this, in turn, leads to inadequacy of staff within such institutions.
In fact, some health care researchers have reported that a small number of patients die daily in heath care institutions on causes that are preventable. According to the Abood (2007), it was found that shortage of nurses in a hospital is linked to high mortality rates.
According to Christine Bunish "It marks an important change in the industry emphasizing talent, hard work, the spirit of thrift and efficiency over [the big] organization". (Bunish, 2004)
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However they face peculiar problems that result in very low returns in the business that affects the morale of both the management and the workforce.
The competition is cutting on quality and scoring on price cuts and is able to lure away
These issues and problems in the nursing profession impact greatly on nursing care and on health care services received by the patient. The issue of nurse stress and burnout is currently becoming a major issue in nursing. With nursing shortage and the current
In addition, it has been found that there is a decrease in the number of medical errors made concerning patients. Furthermore, adequate staffing has an impact on nurses because they become more motivated in their work, which increases their
As the report stresses the nurse to patient ratio is very small reflecting that it is hard for the patient to receive specific care that he is entitled to. Increasing staffing levels is a complex process which involves various bodies such as the government and the learning institutions which in some cases have been accused of producing half-baked graduates.
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