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Jason’s Asthma Jason is among great population of children who suffer from asthma, as it is one of the most common childhood diseases. In fact asthma is one of the most popular chronic diseases of all age categories worldwide (Morris & Mosenifar, 2011). It is characterized by many symptoms; including shortness of breath, cough, wheezing, tightness of the chest (Symptoms of Asthma, n.d.).
An asthma exacerbation can be caused by allergens (Sequeria & Steward, 2007). There are those who only have asthma attacks as a result of an allergic reaction. While it still remains unclear just what causes asthma in general, every individual varies as to what their asthma triggers are. Asthma a condition that results from three major processes, which are airway inflammation, intermittent airflow obstruction, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (Morris & Mosenifar, 2011)..These three processes are present in every episode of asthma Airway Inflammation Airway inflammation is the result of inhaling substances that are triggers for the patient (Sequeria & Steward, 2007). Substances such as toxins that are inhaled can activate airway mast cells which bear IgE antibodies. The antibodies lead to inflammatory responses as the mediators, such as histamine, cause mucus hypersecretion and plasma leakage (Sequeria & Steward, 2007).This inflammation results in epithelial changes, basement membrane changes, and “submucosal infiltration with activated lymphocytes and eosinophils” (Guill, 2004). Chronic airway inflammation can result in airway reconstruction and increased airway resistance (Sequeira & Stewart, 2007). ...
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