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Explain how psychological and sociological insights help nurses to understand health lifestyles on smoking tobacco
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Psychological and Sociological Insights that Help Nurses Understand Lifestyles Surrounding Smoking Tobacco Introduction Understanding the health lifestyles connected to tobacco smoking in patients, particularly the reasons why individuals choose to continue smoking even when fully aware of the negative health effects is an important factor for nursing.
Psychology is the study of behaviour through emotions and processes, with strong focus being put on the measurement and observance of behaviour . Psychology focuses on understanding the reasons that people (or other species) behave in particular ways. Some examples of psychological drivers are: personality, conformity to the environment around them, stress and coping mechanisms, values and influence of other members of society such as through peer pressure . In terms of health, psychology can be used in research to provide public health in a beneficial manner . This essay will focus on a few specific psychological drivers: influence of society, the sense of self worth, health locus of control theory and the role of nutrition and health. Sociology in contrast is the study of the social factors that surround individuals and how they affect every aspect of their life, such as decision making, health, illness and health care. Sociologists study how social forces promote some factors in individual’s lives while repressing others, as well as the drivers behind this. Some examples of sociological drivers include: financial status, region that the individual lives in, environmental factors such as pollution and socioeconomic factors such as class . This essay will focus on several sociological drivers and how these affect individual’s decisions to smoke. ...
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