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Of all the organs that constitute the human body, perhaps there is none other that compares with the liver in the extent of multitasking and hard work it does. This paper summarizes the anatomy and physiology of the liver, and also attempts at describing liver cirrhosis, a debilitating liver disease. …
Weighing about 1.4 kg, i.e. about 3 lb in adults, the liver is the heaviest organ of the human body. It is also the second largest organ, skin being the first. It is located below the rib cage at the right hand side of the body. To be precise, it occupies part of the epigastric regions in the abdomino-pelvic cavity and part of the hypochondriac region (Tortora and Derrickson, 2008, p. 945). A healthy liver is an extremely important asset for an individual’s health and well-being. As Chopra (2001) writes, the liver is “akin to a master conductor who is orchestrating a number of essential functions”, working as a “central manufacturing factory”, a processing plant for toxic waste and even as a warehouse, all at the same time (p. 4).
Anatomy of the Liver
The liver has two irregularly sized lobes – the larger right lobe, and the smaller left lobe. The two lobes are separated by a fold of mesentery, forming the smooth falciform ligament (Tortora and Derrickson, 2008, p. 945). The right lobe is five to six times bigger than the left lobe. The liver has a smooth texture and is a vascular organ rich in blood vessels that impart it a reddish brown color. It has an intricate and interconnected network of liver cells called hepatocytes, along with large amounts of ducts and veins (Chopra, 2001, p. 4). ...
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