Women make about a half of the US population, and as per the current statistics available, majority of the women are in good health, but a minority of the women face health problems due to several factors such as race, ethnicity, income, age, and education (HHS, 2010). One of…
Usually older women are more likely to develop heart disease compared to younger women, though the condition can occur in all age groups (Medline Plus, 2011).
Coronary artery disease is a condition that affects the arteries that supply the heart and is caused by plaque build up in the inner walls of the coronary arteries. These plaques are made of fat, cholesterol, minerals such as calcium and other substances. Several serious heart problems arise as a result of coronary artery disease including myocardial infarction (heart attack). heart failures, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest, etc. The plaques in the coronary artery wall can narrow the lumen through which the blood flows to the cardiac muscles resulting in angina (Chest discomfort). Besides, in some instances, the plaques disintegrate causing the dislodgement of blood clots, which may in turn blocks the flow of blood to various parts of the heart (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 2009).
Professional practice model (PPM) is a system of practice that consists of certain structures, processes, and values, which can enable the nurse to have greater control over the delivery of nursing care in the appropriate environment for the patient. It has 5 subsets including relationships, values, delivery model, management approach and a mean of compensating and rewarding. Values include provision of high-quality healthcare, nursing responsibility, professional development and greater autonomy. In the professional relationships, greater teamwork, partnership and collaboration should be developed. In the delivery model, the decision-making should be decentralised. In order to support professional development as well as organisation growth, an appropriate compensation and reward system should be programmed (Hoffart, 1996).
The professional practice model is ideal for nursing practice meant for women with heart disease. It is ideal as it gives greater ...
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Kennedy’s Community Living Assistance Services and Support (“CLASS”) Act, which attempted to provide a reasonably affordable, self-sufficient option for long-term care to all Americans (Lieber, 1998). The CLASS Act demonstrates the failure of legislation in a macroeconomic sense to provide for long-term care due to its inability to provide the services it aims to without the infusion of federal money.
Both the healthcare systems incorporate government as well as private organizations and operations in their structure, and depend upon contributions from both the insurers and the citizens in order to meet the expenses of health care. The U.S. healthcare includes the organizations of Medicare and Medicaid, while the Japanese system is based on a three-pronged framework to provide insurance to the public, including an extensive insurance policy for the elderly.
Both are developed countries and have certain similar demographic characteristics. The governments of both the industries are quite actively involved in the improvement of the health care industry. The healthcare industry is mainly dominated by the private players in both the nations.
National Health Services of the United Kingdom is the world's largest publicly funded health care service provider which was evolved with an aim of providing good healthcare to all i.e. irrespective of wealth (http://www.nhs.uk)1 However it is pertinent to mention that central taxation funds 84% of the NHS provisions and NHS expenditure is 83% of total healthcare funding (Morris, 2006).2 Health and social care are the two important aspects that most of the nations are trying to build their economic growth.
How a country attains these laudable goals, however, has generated a variety of different approaches and volumes of debate. Some scholars and health professionals, citing a popular notion of American "Exceptionalism" (Rodwin, 1984: 32), have argued that these goals can best be attained by relying on minimal governmental involvement.
Consequent to the absence of either, not only does the United States stand out as unique in the midst of other Western democracies but as different from the majority of countries. Most countries have adopted those aspects of the welfare state system which outline the provision of healthcare
The main issue receiving attention in health care reform is the fact that the government should be more involved in the provision of health services within the country. It can also complement this through provision of health insurance for every American Citizen.
This is not the full list of vital functions of sodium in our body. But excess consumption of the salt can be quite dangerous as it leads to high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and kidney disease. Appropriate
l make comparisons based on demographics of the population, the availability and usage of the health care institutions, general expenditure on health care for both countries by government and individual as well as the macro-environmental influences they elicit.
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