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Prevention and Management of Infection among Burn Patients
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Running head: PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF INFECTION AMONG BURN PATIENTS Prevention and Management of Infection among Burn Patients Prevention and Management of Infection among Burn Patients Problem Identification Infection is a major issue among burn patients.
On the average, about 4,000 individuals perish from fire and burns year after year, and of these, 3500 deaths are attributed to residential fires, and the rest are caused by motor vehicle accidents, electrical injuries, chemical exposures, hot-liquids and substance spills (Murray, 2011). In general 75% of the fatalities are usually seen at the scene of the incident itself, and for those reaching medical care, infection is the major cause of mortality and illness (Murray, 2011). Since majority of the skin is exposed to the elements and to the atmosphere, protecting it from infection and bacteria is a major challenge. For those with burn injuries, this challenge is even bigger. The type and quantity of microorganisms which colonize the burn wounds are also known to affect the patient’s future risk for would infection. The pathogens which infect the wound are mostly gram-positive bacteria which include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and gram-negative bacteria Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella species (Murray, 2011). These infective agents often increase the resistance of a person to various antimicrobials. Moreover, burns are usually infected with fungus infective agents, making the infection process on burn wounds even more difficult to prevent and manage. ...
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