The HIV/AIDS pandemic affects the Sub-Saharan countries the most, with prevalence of averagely 8.8% (UNAIDS 2006). These are alarming statistics given the rate at which HIV/AIDS is killing people in Africa. The statistics have fostered awareness among the region’s countries. One of the chief campaign strategies that regard HIV/AIDS infection is male circumcision and its ability to reduce HIV/AIDS infection. Some cultural groups in Sub-Saharan countries do not practice male circumcision. Among these are the Luo, a cultural group in Kenya, East Africa.
The Luo speakers of Kenya do not practice male circumcision given their conservative cultural values. They instead recognize initiation where there is the removal of six front teeth: three on the upper jaw and three on the lower jaw. Since time immemorial, the Luo people have rejected the idea of circumcision despite the numerous persuasions from the health community. One of the key stumbling blocks in this matter regards the Luo Elders determined to uphold the traditions of the community. They have on several occasions thwarted the efforts by the government and other non-governmental organizations that promote circumcision with regard to its health advantage.
Statistics and research indicate that male circumcision does a lot in reducing the probability of one contracting HIV/AIDS. Various studies have gone ahead to certify this thesis with statistics always supporting it. Sample results of statistics from various countries include Botswana that has male circumcision at 25% with HIV/AIDS prevalence of 24.1%. Namibia has 15% male circumcision and prevalence of 19.6%. On the better side is Burkina Faso with 89% and prevalence of 2% and Mauritius with over 80% circumcised and only prevalence of 0.6% (UNAIDS 2006).
The main reasons as to why male circumcision reduces the chances of ...
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Cultural Diversity and Sensitivity in Communication: Circumcision among the Luo Cultural Group in Kenya
The Luo cultural group found in Kenya, East Africa, does not practice male circumcision (Serah, 2008). There is a relationship between male circumcision and HIV/AIDS infection.
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