ip, culture and behavior---rather than the science that proves to be the weak link in the chain of health-care delivery and patient safety.” In fact, patient’s safety in the operating room has a direct impact on nursing. Therefore, the procedure and methodologies used to ensure ultimate objective of patient safety are required to be studied for effects on nursing behavior and practices.
Throughout the history of healthcare and especially in the recent decades the operating room nursing practices are primarily influenced by the patient safety. Operating Room (OR) nursing is gauged by the preventive measures and safe handling of the patient. The Operating room safe handling is closely monitored, and a mere negligence can bring the devastating results. Under these circumstances pressures and stress are the natural outcome in OR nursing practices. “Focusing on the structure, processing and outcomes of care, a behavioral health patient safety program continually emphasizes changing the system to make treatment safer for consumers through evolution of the evidence.” (Fowler & Susan, n. page). This focus and monitoring at all levels demand an extra bit of vigilance and strict compliance with laid down procedures and standing orders to ensure patient safety. However, it reduces the margin of decisions, which is a major instrument for safety management in operating rooms. Drawing on the importance and sensitivity of decision in operating rooms Pikaar, Ernst &, Paul (239) states, “The surgical domain is a fragile and a complex web of experts with constant decision making and uncertainties linked to patient safety. Any unwanted technological interference in key treatment strategies or surgical tasks can lead to fatalities.” The complexities of decision-making are not limited to technological domains, the psychological pressures and overriding stress can be equally distressing for nursing staff.
The Patient Safety precautions can also affect the operating