As healthcare systems are regarded as organizations, teamwork helps to create more adaptive and productive working environments facilitating positive and cost-effective outcomes. Healthcare institutions throughout the world advocate the need for development of effective healthcare teams. Many researchers have even warned that lack of teamwork amongst healthcare individuals can lead to unsafe patient care practices. Better communication and understanding among healthcare professionals may reduce medication errors and effect patient outcomes positively.
The lack of conceptual clarity with regards to actual representation of the concept is one of the major hindrances in clinical practice. In their concept analysis study of teamwork, Xyrichis & Ream (2008) have presented a universally acceptable definition of teamwork. As there was no universal definition published in previous literature, the purpose of their teamwork concept analysis was to bring clarity in meaning and understanding of the term by exploring the current and future implementation of teamwork concept in nursing practice. They attempted to investigate the various ways in which teamwork affects healthcare environments and patient outcomes.
Steps of the Process
McEwen & Wills (2002) suggest that concept analysis is a process that explores and differentiates a particular concept from other meanings and understandings to further the research and increase communication. ...