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Burns Paediatric Burns Burns Burns may be defined as the tissue damage that occurs to the body caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or nuclear radiation (NIH, US). The American Burn Association has defined burn as “an injury to the skin or other organic tissue primarily caused by thermal or other acute trauma” (Green, 2010).The common causes are scalds from boiling liquids like water or oil or other preparations being cooked in the kitchen or steam.
In present times, even 90% burns patients are being saved while 25 years ago, even 50% burns was considered fatal. Research has evolved the best treatment approaches for burns including resuscitation with fluids, cleaning the wounds, replacement of damaged tissue with skin, control of infection and dietary supports. Incidence Among the leading causes, burns in children (below 9 years are identified as the third one among injury-related deaths (Green, 2010). Burns in children are usually caused at home (Anjali et al, 2009). Scald burns have the commonest incidence in children, 80%. They occur mostly over the upper trunk and upper arms (Anjali et al, 2009). Hot bath water caused 50 % of the scalds. In most cases, the burns could have been prevented. A lapse in parental supervision and curiosity of a child are the two reasons quoted for the tragic incidents. Occasionally the child may not be able to get away from the burning substance Child abuse is another sad cause (Green, 2010). Children who are burnt have a tendency to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (Anjali et al, 2009). ...
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