Blood infections are serious infections that are acquired by hospitalization patients who require intensive care (Ibrahim, 2000).Among the blood infections ,vancomycin resistant Enterococcus, ORSA and coagulase negative Staphylococcus are due to inadequate administration of…
ucing systemic infections consequently causing device related blood infections (Kojic, 2004) .Examples of these devices includes, ventricular assist device, cardiovascular devices, urinary catheter and penile implants .Other causes blood infections includes use of unscreened blood products, and contact between patients. For central line associated bloodstream infections, they are actually associated with increased length of hospitalization (Guerin, 2010). In USA, it has been reported that increased risk of developing blood stream infections (BSI) is associated with the increased use of central venous catheters (CVSs) in ICU patients especially when the skin catheter site is colonized by bacteria and fungi. This is a major risk factor for CVC infection. Other predisposing factors to infection includes; exposure to mechanical ventilations (Jerome, 2000). Patients receiving TPN are also at risk as they are associated with growth of other microorganisms such as Candida spp and coagulase negative Staphylococcus.
The infection rate of bloodstream infections is determined by factors such as nutrition, length of hospitalization, dose of inoculants, age, inadequate administration of antimicrobial agents, immunity levels of the patient and whether the he/she had been exposed to the pathogens previously, surgery and chemotherapy received by the patient before the infection, exposure to invasive procedures, co-morbidities, hospital services and severity of infection at administration and use of steroids (Guerin, 2010).The impacts of these factors on nursing is that, the nursing working environment can be compromised, there is more exposure to different infectious agents, the hospital is forced to put more stuff for surveillance, prevention and control and this means extra cost. The nurses will also have a lot of work loads if there is under stuffing and more injuries such as needle stick (Stone, 2004).
It may consist of daily inspection of catheters insertion sites, taking ...
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es includes, ventricular assist device, cardiovascular devices, urinary catheter and penile implants .Other causes blood infections includes use of unscreened blood products, and contact between patients. For central line associated bloodstream infections, they are actually associated with increased length of hospitalization (Guerin, 2010).
Some of the vessels used for central line insertion include the aorta, pulmonary artery, superior venacava, inferior venacava, brachiocephalic veins, internal jugular veins, subclavian veins, external iliac veins and common femoral veins (Moe, 2012). In neonates, the central line is the umbilical vessel.
M., & Render, M. L. (2006). Using Evidence-Based Practice to Reduce Central Line Infections. Clinical Journal Of Oncology Nursing, 10(6), 723-725. doi:10.1188/06.CJON.723-725 Abstract: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are used commonly in a variety of inpatient and outpatient healthcare settings.
S. aureus has a very vast and major disease spectrum which includes skin and soft tissue infections, osteomyelitis, sepsis, muscle and visceral abscesses, pleural empyema, bloodstream infections, endocarditis and toxin-mediated syndromes such as scalded-skin syndrome and toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning (Crossley et al 272).
Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) happen when microbes get into the bloodstream by a central line (a tube that is inserted in a large vein to provide blood, medications, fluids, or to do specific medical tests rapidly. The long duration of hospitalization before catheterization, underlying medical circumstances, prematurity, area of placement of catheter or various other factors may result in increased risks of central line-associated bloodstream infection in patients.
Studies have shown that nurses have a significant role to play in preventing the HAIs since these negatively impact on the welfare of different people who may be affected. Mandatory and voluntary surveillance schemes are effective in dealing with the problem associated with HAIs and these should be properly implemented by the nurses.
This plan focuses mainly on the prevention of central line associated-bloodstream infection (CLABSI). Therefore, it offers education to different custodians for the old men and women in health stations on how to deal with the diseases. As a result, the program
World Health Organization (WHO) statistics and data indicate that about 7-10 patients in every 100 hospitalized in both developed and developing countries contract HAIs. This research study will endeavor to find strategies for reducing the rate of hospital acquired
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
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