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Bloodstream Infections - Research Paper Example

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Blood infections are serious infections that are acquired by hospitalization patients who require intensive care (Ibrahim, 2000).Among the blood infections ,vancomycin resistant Enterococcus, ORSA and coagulase negative Staphylococcus are due to inadequate administration of…
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Bloodstream Infections
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Bloodstream Infections

ucing systemic infections consequently causing device related blood infections (Kojic, 2004) .Examples of these devices includes, ventricular assist device, cardiovascular devices, urinary catheter and penile implants .Other causes blood infections includes use of unscreened blood products, and contact between patients. For central line associated bloodstream infections, they are actually associated with increased length of hospitalization (Guerin, 2010). In USA, it has been reported that increased risk of developing blood stream infections (BSI) is associated with the increased use of central venous catheters (CVSs) in ICU patients especially when the skin catheter site is colonized by bacteria and fungi. This is a major risk factor for CVC infection. Other predisposing factors to infection includes; exposure to mechanical ventilations (Jerome, 2000). Patients receiving TPN are also at risk as they are associated with growth of other microorganisms such as Candida spp and coagulase negative Staphylococcus.
The infection rate of bloodstream infections is determined by factors such as nutrition, length of hospitalization, dose of inoculants, age, inadequate administration of antimicrobial agents, immunity levels of the patient and whether the he/she had been exposed to the pathogens previously, surgery and chemotherapy received by the patient before the infection, exposure to invasive procedures, co-morbidities, hospital services and severity of infection at administration and use of steroids (Guerin, 2010).The impacts of these factors on nursing is that, the nursing working environment can be compromised, there is more exposure to different infectious agents, the hospital is forced to put more stuff for surveillance, prevention and control and this means extra cost. The nurses will also have a lot of work loads if there is under stuffing and more injuries such as needle stick (Stone, 2004).
It may consist of daily inspection of catheters insertion sites, taking ... Read More
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