Community Health Nurse Roles and skills required to improve equity and access to Renal Healthcare for Australian Aboriginal peoples from a population health perspective (Name) (University) (Course) (Tutor) (Date) Introduction The chronic renal disease is wide spread among the Australian Aboriginal people and is indeed a very complex problem…
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Due to the loss of renal functions, there are other conditions that develop which compound the problem making it hard for family members to take care of such a patient at home without serious healthcare support from hospitals. Such complications include, anaemia, acidosis: a condition where there is a lot of acid in the body fluids, high blood pressure, bone diseases, general cholesterol and fatty acids disorders( Couzos, 2004, pp.186-189; Deeble, 2003). It is medically known that such patients do require constant healthcare support which in many cases consists of constant monitoring, testing, and treatment through dialysis and in many cases these patients require on time kidney transplants (Australian Nursing Federation, 2009, pp.2-12). . The problem of renal failure within the Australian aboriginal people has been attributed to many factors. However, the most outstanding and astonishing of all factors is the issue of inequality that exists within the Australian community based on certain aspects of society such as resource mobilization and distribution, basic human needs and rights provision, access to education and professional training, participation in national building, economic factors, social segregation and generally all forms of discriminative practices that have historically categorised these people as second class citizens ( Couzos, 2004, pp.186-189; Deeble, 2003). This paper seeks to address the Community Health Nurse Roles and skills that are required to improve equity and access to Renal Healthcare for Australian Aboriginal peoples from a population health perspective. This is in response to the problems that have affected the aboriginals for many years without concrete approaches being put in place to address them. Explanation of key terms Primary healthcare refers to essential health care that is basic and is based on scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods combined with technology; is practically given, universally available and accessible to all individuals and families in a given community who need it(WHO, 2006).. This primary healthcare provision should be on the basis of full participation and at a reasonable cost to that community in question and that the relevant country is in a position to afford its provision and sustain such efforts at all the developmental stages of that community with the main view of making them self-reliant and ensuring self-determination(WHO, 2006).. This is actually a method used to tackle health away from the known traditional systems of providing healthcare and thus does focus on a social policy that is equity-producing. This is as per the adoption of the declaration made by the International Conference on Primary Health Care in Alma Ata in the year 1978 or the Alma Ata Declaration, which later became the core concept that is applied by the World Health Organization in its critical goal of providing or ensuring health for all. In accordance with better health policy the WHO, there are key elements that ensure achievement of primary healthcare and these include the reduction of exclusion practices in communities and the social differences that do exist in healthcare provision hence having a universal approach; organizing the health ...
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Aboriginal Community Health and Well-Being. From scholarly research, Aboriginal means the first known, or the earliest to come into existence. First used in Italy and Greece, it symbolized the native communities and the old residents, not the newcomers and intruders.
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