The review is based on the following objectives, to determine the major causes of medication errors in the intensive care unit and to investigate the strategies that can be used to Reduce Medication Errors in the intensive care unit.This gives the background of the problem…
Furthermore, the review supports the needs of the study which is mainly medicinal errors that occur in the intensive care unit due to interruptions among the nurses. This is evident, in the illustrations provided in the review under objective one medication errors and incidence in the intensive care unit. The second objective provides reviews on the strategies that can be used to reduce medication errors in the intensive care unit. A research design is a strategy, a plan or road map for planning and conducting any study (Borg, 2003). In this research, the study measured the various interruptions that affected the nurses during the preparation stage in the intensive care unit. This study used quasi-experimental design to observe and to compare the number of interruptions in medication preparation process. The variables were; the dependent variable a nurse preparation on medication for administration at one of the medication preparation areas and independent variable were the Interruption that interrupts the nurse in the preparation process. The study mainly used the nurses within the intensive care unit and their patients as the study sample. Quasi Experimental design is the most appropriate design for the study. In this design, the researcher studies the effect of the treatment on the intact groups rather than being able to randomly assign participants to the experimental or control groups. ...
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The researcher of this study showed that both the patients as well as the nurses were also dissatisfied with the way violence and aggression has been managed. The researchers identified staff training in the use of fundamental therapeutic communication skills as the potential solution to this interpersonal tension.
Competencies are the distinctive abilities of an individual to perform certain tasks in his or her area of duty and specialization. A proficient nurse should be able to combine both logic and reason so as to optimize the service delivery in case of critical care or even emergencies (Lunney, 2009).
However, nurses from various countries complain that most hospitals do not have enough nurses. Recent research show that the number of nurses employed to give quality services to a patient has decreased from 98% to 51%. The lack of nurses is also being experienced in developed countries.
Most of the nursing medical errors occur when wrong prescriptions are made. When such errors are made, the government and the patients are the most affected. The former for instance may be asked to pay patients who have been victims of medical errors. On the other hand, patients’ health may either get worse or lead to uncalled for deaths.
The term ‘drug safety’ is used when it comes to evaluation of the correct prescription of medicine, as well as administration and dispensation of the same. Medication safety, on the other hand, revolves around errors that occur in the process of prescription, dispensation as well as at the level of administration.
Most of the medication occurs because of mistakes at the personal or system level. Despite introduction of technologies for greater efficiency of drug delivery and administration there is possibility of minor errors therefore nurse practitioners need to be trained to handle tasks with and without technological advancements.
The lack of nurses is also being experienced in developed countries. After a comparison was done in five countries that are considered to be developed, only 40% of the nurses agreed to have enough registered nurses (Hyun Cho et al., 2009). In
The implication that is developed from this point is that at each stage of the process, there is the likelihood of errors occurring at each stage if the real causes of the errors are not identified and curtailed. Today, nurses are found to make prescription related errors from several contexts including the use of protocols.
Already, it has been established that there are several factors that can bring about medication errors in the nursing setup (Athanasakis, 2010, p. 774). Due to the effects that these medication errors carry, it is always important that the right procedures and interventions be put in place in minimizing their occurrence.