It goes without saying that the profession and discipline of nursing is primarily about human care. So, if nursing is essentially about caring than it is imperative that the nurses ought to make a conscious effort to inculcate the element of care in all the major aspects of their profession, be it the nursing education, the administrative or clinical aspects of nursing or the future research related to nursing (McGraw, 2002, p. 98). It is imperative for healthcare systems to retain human caring as the core of their existence. To further the aspect of human caring, Watson propounded the theory of human care. Watson realized that the expansion of health facilities around the world has manifolded augmented the work load of nurses. In that context the nurses are required to deal with healthcare situations that are more complex and variegated. So nurses are required to retain caring as the essential aspect of their practice and Jean Watson’s theory of caring is peculiarly associated with this aspect of nursing. Jean Watson’s theory of caring connects the nursing profession to the very roots of its profession and actually lays down the framework for defining an ideal nurse (McGraw, 2002, p. 97). Dr. Jean Watson is a renowned American scholar in nursing. Dr. Watson got her undergraduate degree in nursing and psychology from University of Colorado. She further earned a Masters in psychiatric-mental health and a Ph.D. in educational psychology and counseling. Watson accrued several national and international awards and honors and propounded the Theory of Caring. Watson’s Theory of caring is based on some salient assumptions (Watson, 1979). It is only in an interpersonal perspective that nursing care can be extended, administered and managed. Caring has to do with some essential carative factors that satisfy some basic human needs. Effective caring not only allows for a salubrious recuperation but also promotes individual and family health. Caring is not only about accepting the people as they are in a present context, but also accepting what they could become in a futuristic context. Good caring allows the individuals a full scope for the development of their innate potential, and also allows and helps people make the choices that are in their best interest, at a particular point of time. The caring aspect of nursing complements the overall process of curing. Above all, the discipline and concept of caring should constitute the core of nursing profession. Based on these assumptions, Dr. Watson extended and recognized ten carative factors that go a long way in retaining and propagating the humanistic aspects of nursing. These ten carative factors given by Watson constitute the essential core of Watson’s Theory of Caring. The ten carative factors given by Watson are: Humanistic System of Values: Caring should be centered on a value system that is affiliated to the essential universal, humanistic values (Watson, 1999). Such humanistic values include within their scope the notions of empathy, kindness, self love and the love for humanity. Sustaining Faith and Hope: The development of the profession of nursing and healthcare is full of examples highlighting the importance of faith and hope. This factor lays emphasis on recognizing and appreciating the deep seated beliefs and values of an individual in the overall process of caring and curing (Watson, 1999). Sensitivity towards others: The essential aspect of being a human is the ability to feel. The best possible way towards accruing sensitivity towards oneself and others is to recognize one’s deep seated feelings. Feelings play a central role in the endeavor of being compassionate and
There is no denying the fact that the healthcare systems around the world are going through a process of restructuring. In that context there is a great risk that the nursing and caring services in these systems may get dehumanized…
As healthcare drives towards greater levels of technical sophistication, attention must be paid to the mechanisms of healthcare administration in the interest of superior patient service. Otherwise, there is a danger that the health care system itself can become as much of an enemy as any particular organic disease.
The theory asserts that the more an individual is exposed to reports by a media house, the more the individual will accept the information as being true. The theory will then imply that the way media houses address certain issues in their news reports will influence the overall impacts of such information on the public.
The researcher states that that in order to enable the nurses to optimize on their skills, nurses should be made to undertake a range of courses related to the environment, since the environment in which an individual works fundamentally affects the individual’s ability to take the best out of him/herself.
The significance and value of the theory will be discussed. In the next section, we will define and explain the theory. Then a care plan will be developed with the help of the theory. At the end, the summary of the paper will be provided, which will finally conclude the work.
The BOP consists of two accounts; the capital account and the current account. The capital account records all the transactions between the resident of a country and the rest of the world whereas the current account records imports and exports of tangible goods and intangible services along with the unilateral transfers.
The popular description of Keck and Sikkink’s works involves a consideration of transnational advocacy networks as groups that involve relevant actors working globally on issues and bound together by common values, discourse and exchange of solid information and services.
theory projects a purposive, systematic view of phenomena by designing specific inter-relationships among concepts with the main aim of explaining, describing, predicting, and /or prescribing (Nelson & Watson, 2012). It is therefore evident that theories are specifically
current methods of providing primary care aiming at improving the safety and health of clients in a cost-effective fashion for the clients as well as the healthcare system (Yoder-Wise, 2012). It is through EBP that primary care nursing delivers not only scientifically sound but
He developed greater interest in psychoanalysis and went to study abnormal psychology in Paris. HE died in 1980 on the 16th of September in Switzerland. Piaget works included what is known as Piaget’s theory that comprised of four
To date, the theory has been extensively used in healthcare to analyze elements that affect the quality of patient care (Dougherty, 2012).
The theory involves takes a focus on three healthcare delivery categories ‘structure,’ ‘process,’ and ‘outcomes’ to
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