The paper "Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation" describes that cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a life-saving procedure done for a patient with the patient’s best interests at heart, ensuring that the well-being of the patient is safeguarded.The patient himself or the surrogate decision-maker makes the end-of-life decision of DNR…
The decision of “do not resuscitate” is made by the patient if he is functionally able to convey it. If otherwise, the family members may have to make the decision when it is called surrogate decision (Torke, 2011). The subject has been the topic of discussion along with other end-of-life decisions due to the ethical and legal bearings (Sham et al, 2007). The decisions on the withholding of the treatment for the sustenance of life would be relaying the message that the patient accepts the progression of the disease and that he trusts the healing physician. There will be an underlying desire to reduce the burden on others. The wish to live and die naturally could also be influencing his decision (Sham et al, 2007). Research has elicited various factors influencing the doctors when the DNR (do not resuscitate) orders are made. These are based on the themes of a probability of survival, the desire of the patient, the quality of life prior to present illness and the quality expected after it (Sham et al, 2007). Federal and State policies in the US advice advance care planning where the patient may be encouraged to make his decision for other end-of-life decisions but DNR has been excluded (Sham et al, 2007). The BBC News has reported that the British Medical Association and the Royal College of Nursing in the UK have issued guidelines which indicated that the DNR orders could be issued only in consultation with the patients and families (BBC Ethics Guide, 2011). In Australia, the not-for-resuscitation (NFR) orders formed part of the medical practice but policies have still not yet provided a fool-proof method of implementation (Sidhu et al, 2007). Researchers indicate that current policies showroom for improvement: there are no standardised forms or patient information leaflets (Sidhu et al, 2007).
A clinical audit had been conducted by Salins and Jansen as a retrospective study to determine the accuracy of documentation of NFR orders in patients who had died at the Lyell McEwin Hospital (2011). This hospital was part of a teaching hospital in South Australia in 2007. Eighty-eight files could be accessed for information. ...
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“Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/nursing/473006-professional-nursing-issue-uploaded-file.
According to the American Association Guidelines, the procedure should only be done if the patient remains in a coma state following the return of spontaneous circulation. Numerous studies have been done to identify the risks and benefits associated with this procedure.
The resuscitation is attempted only when the patient has a good chance of being revived successfully (Jaing, 2007). If it is performed with the result that the patient has a lengthy process of dying or it appears futile or unwarranted, it had better not been done.
It is a process which includes three elements: first, continuous chest compression for bystander resuscitation; second, updated algorithm for emergency medical services; and third, aggressive post-resuscitation management (Ewy and Kern, 2009). The initial elements of CCR have been conceptualized in Tucson, Arizona in 2003, and were later adopted in various territories, including Wisconsin in 2004 and Phoenix Arizona in 2005 (Kern, Timerman, Gonzalez, and Ramires, 2010).
A meta-analysis has been conducted by Cullen, Augenstine, Kaper, Tinkham and Utz in 2011 with a study title "therapeutic hypothermia initiated in the pre-hospital setting". As the research aims to study the success of the cooling process after resuscitation in the pre-hospital settings; thus, researchers have evaluated that hypothermia is induced in pre-hospital setting to deal with the comatose cardiac arrest patients.
Those ideals have been changing in recent years. It is only recently that it would be realized that witnessing a loved one's final moments is as important as medical personnel attempting to save that patient's life.
Yet, this number is nothing compared to almost a million American people dying every year from CVD. If 9/11 is a disaster, what are we to call CVD, how are we to confront it
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is not a form of medication. It is simply a first-aide procedure to keep a CVD victim alive as he waits for trained emergency worker to attend to his medical treatment.
It finds that, presently, without going back in time, all opinions are ripe for allowance of such witnessing under formal conditions. The paper also finds that salient organizations like the 'American Heart Association', the 'Emergency Nurses Asoociation' and others have already recommended such witnessing and have even recommended that hospitals in the US set standards for such.
The author states that one of the main concerns for physicians is the damage that is sustained by the blood and blood cells during friction as it is being propelled from the pump. The commonly used rolled pumps utilize a basic mechanism with tubing lined along a raceway with rollers massaging the tubing to propel the blood forward.
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