Pages 6 (1506 words)
Health Policy on Obesity in Relation to Mental Health Illness Introduction In human beings, health signifies an individual’s general condition in terms of body and mind, usually denoting that person’s freedom from any apparent pain, injury, or illness (referring to the term ‘healthy’) (Blaxter, 2004, 45-53). According to World Health Organization (WHO) the word heath denotes "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" (Grad, 2002, 981).
The World Health Organization defines mental health as "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community" (World Health Organisation, 2010). Obesity, where excess fat accumulates in the body, causes serious health problems like diabetes, liver and heart problems, and/or cancer, often also leads to mental illness in the affected person, thus producing an overall negative effect on human health. Data from the latest Health Survey for England (HSE) revealed that “in 2009, 61.3% of adults (aged 16 or over), and 28.3% of children (aged 2-10) in England were overweight or obese, of these, 23.0% of adults and 14.4% of children were obese. The Foresight report, Tackling Obesities: Future Choices project, published in October 2007, predicted that if no action was taken, 60% of men, 50% of women and 25% of children would be obese by 2050” (Department of Health, Obesity, 2011). ...