Virginia Henderson also defines nursing as the unique function of assisting individuals, either well or ill, in performing activities that contribute to enhance health, recovery, or peaceful death that the individual would perform without assistance if they had adequate will,…
All these activities of nurses contribute to comfort of the patient that greatly enhances the healing process.
The relationship between nursing care and comfort dates back to the early 1900s with the central focus on moral imperative. By 1903s, specialists in the nursing field perceived comfort as a strategy for attaining aspects of nursing care. By 1960s, comfort was a minor goal in nursing care, as physical aspects were dominant while emotional comfort was gaining importance. In 1990, Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory was fully dominant, with emphasis on childbirth pain, pain management, and palliative care and end of life (Kolcaba, 2003).
Conditions in the nursing care sector such as loss and suffering of patients with complex medical care, pain scores of 10/10 even with increase in medication, and personal frustration and inability to change the situation contributed to the adoption of comfort as the foundation of nursing care.
Comfort is relative. Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory seeks to address human needs, including transcendence, relief, and ease. It takes an individualized (holistic) approach to enhance the feelings of wellbeing and a sense of strength. Moreover, it provides a conceptual framework for nursing care (Kolcaba, 2003).
The physical concept relates to homeostasis and bodily sensation, including regular bowel function, pain relief, adequate oxygen saturation, electrolytes and fluid balance, and positioning and turning.
The socio-cultural concept concerns societal, interpersonal, and family relationships, rituals, and family traditions. These include cultural customs, continuity of care, caring attitude, education and information, and enhancing friend and family support.
Psycho-spiritual concept revolves around the internal awareness of the meaning of one’s life, self-esteem, and sexuality, including improving and maintaining self-esteem, increasing relaxation, enhancing independence, and ...
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The emphasis is on responding to different comfort needs of diverse kinds of patients. Nurses should be attuned to the patients' unexpressed, such as through observing “body language,” and expressed health problems and attempt to provide the highest level of comfort possible (Kolcaba, 2003, p.3).
Usefulness of Comfort Theory
Of these borrowed theories in nursing Kolcaba’s Comfort Nursing theory has been relatively instrumental in patient comfort and the healing process. This paper examines comfort theory in the health care program. Attempts have therefore made in this paper to trace the origin of the theory, the three patient comforts of relief, ease, and transcendence have also been explained with their applications to the nursing practice.
This brings out the question, why are human’s beings motivated to help each other? This can be attributed to several factors, for one it may depend on the situation, according to research on the issue one is more likely to come to the aid of people with whom they are familiar or in whom they recognize similar traits.
Katharine Kolcaba was born in 1944 in Cleveland, Ohio. She is an American nursing professor and nursing theorist. Kolcaba is developed comfort theory, a nursing theory that has been implemented at various institutional levels. She earned a nursing diploma from St.
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The approach is based on the concept that if financial statements cannot be prepared correctly, then financial statements must be presented in such a manner so as to reflect useful information focusing on users and the decision problems that they face. The approach assumes that if the financial and accounting is useful to investors, then trading volume of stocks should experience a surge and securities prices are also expected to increase or respond in predictable manner relative to publicly available accounting information (Schroeder, Clark and Cathey, 2011, p.43).
This provides the natural reflection of human nature.
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The major reasons for
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