A writer of the paper "Angola: The State Of Health And Healthcare System" aims to discuss a subject of a brief country profile for Angola and to describe its state of health, healthcare system and delivery, health priorities, and nursing implications…
According to the WHO (2011), the total population of Angola is 18,498,000. Its main ethnic groups are: “ Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mixed racial 2%, European 1%” (U.S. Department of State, 2011). Around 17% of its population are children 5 years old and below. Approximately 42% live in the rural areas. The official language in Angola is Portuguese and the Portuguese compose the largest non-Angolan population. Angola has a republic government system. A new constitution was enacted on February 5, 2010, and three days after, President dos Santos established a new government. The new constitution made a party list system where citizens can vote for a party, instead of a single candidate, and the president will be the head of the winning party’s list (U.S. Department of State, 2011). It created a new office of the vice president and removed the position of the prime minister. The next presidential and parliamentary elections are projected to occur in 2012. Angola is rich in oil, gas, and diamonds, but remains in the lower rings of 10% of numerous socioeconomic indicators (U.S. Department of State, 2011). GDP growth in 2009 did not improve, though higher GDP projections are expected for the coming years (U.S. Department of State, 2011). An estimation of Angola’s oil reserves showed it to range from 9.5 billion to 13.5 billion barrels (U.S. Department of State, 2011). Crude oil composed around 50% of Angola's GDP, as well as 95% of its exports, and 72% of government revenues in 2010....
Department of State, 2011). Crude oil composed around 50% of Angola's GDP, as well as 95% of its exports, and 72% of government revenues in 2010 (U.S. Department of State, 2011). Angola also generates 40,000 bpd of locally refined oil. State of Health in Angola Key Determinants of Health Angola ranks 160th in the UNDP Human Development Index (WHO, 2005, p.1). The main determinants of health are the financial resources of the country, the availability of healthcare professionals, access to healthcare delivery centers, and the continuing effects of decades of war (WHO, 2005, p.1). Key Health Status Indicators Life expectancy in Angola is 40 years. Angola has one of the highest infant and under-five mortality rates, which are approximated to reach 195 and 265 per 1,000 live births per year respectively (WHO, 2005, p.1). The primary causes of mortality are malaria, acute respiratory and diarrheal diseases, tetanus and malnutrition (WHO, 2005, p.1). The maternal mortality rate is around 1,700 per 100,000 live births (WHO, 2005, p.1). This significantly high rate is connected to common pregnancy-related conditions that are not immediately and sufficiently treated, since less than 30% of deliveries are done in healthcare institutions, which means that more than 70% are done at homes and other conditions where risks are higher (WHO, 2005, p.1).Malaria and hepatitis have been also found to be correlated with maternal mortality (WHO, 2005, p.1). Despite the high maternal mortality rate, Angola's fertility rate is 6.8 and currently is the world's second highest fertility rate (WHO, 2005, p.1). Burden of Disease The country suffers from a high burden of communicable diseases, primarily “malaria, tuberculosis, sleeping sickness, onchocerciasis, ...
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