It has a span of 437,072 km2. The Northern part is mountainous with the highest point being Cheekah Dar, which is 3,611m. Idaho is half its’ size. The capital city of Iraq is Baghdad other cities include; Mosul, Basrah, Kirkuk, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah. Iraq’s terrain is characterised by broad plains, reedy marshes in the south and mountainous landscape in the north. It ismostly dry and hot since it is a desert.
The Iraq’s total population as at April 2009 was estimated to be 31.2 million. According to Central Intelligence Agency, 75% of the Iraq population comprises of Arabs. This is followed by Kurds who are 15-20%, and while others include only 5% (Cotter, 2011).
Iraq has a federal government that defined by the constitution as Islamic, federal, democratic, and parliamentary and republic (Cotter, 2011). This government has three branches, the executive, judiciary and legislature. The government has many independent commissions. There are areas in Iraq that has governorates apart from the federal government. Some districts have jurisdiction regarding some lawful matters. The governorates in Iraq are eighteen and are divided into districts. Iraqi Kurdistan is a region that is legally defined having quasi-official militia and its own government. In 2005, Iraq passed a new constitution by 78% majority voting in favour of it. The new constitution got greatest support from Shia and Kurdish communities (Cotter, 2011).
Oil is the greatest contributor to Iraq’s economy. It provides most of the foreign exchange earnings to Iraq. The economy of Iraq suffered extensive losses due to the war and lost close to US$100 billion. After the war, oil exports have tremendously increased new pipelines were constructed, and damaged facilities restored. Low oil prices, costs of construction and war debts repayments made Iraq suffer immense financial crisis (Tripp, 2007). Iraq got a debt relief that was to be