ter for Disease Control defined healthcare-associated infection as a condition that “develop during hospitalization but are neither present nor incubating upon the patient’s admission to the hospital” (Collins, 2008). This may occur as early as a day from admission to 10 days from patient’s discharge (Collins, 2008).
Occurrence of healthcare-associated infections is gaining worldwide attention. According to Alfa et al. (2008), it has become a custom for the United States to exert more effort on survey and identification of healthcare-associated infections than to focus on execution of plans. Studies have consistently shown that sanitation is an indispensable factor and key to prevention of these infections. Sanitation as a factor predominantly includes severely maintained health facilities, improper personnel hygiene, improper decontamination techniques and lack of standard infection control protocols (Weston, 2008). The preliminary step towards eradication of healthcare-associated infections entails major improvements both in personnel conduct and organizational environment. A clear cut example of behavior modifications for healthcare personnel is the proper observation of hygiene, specifically, hand washing. Weston (2008) cited the importance of hand hygiene in interruption of the mode of transmission for diseases. The simplest act of proper hand washing led to tremendous effect and significant decrease of nosocomial infections (Collins, 2008). On the other hand, organizational strategies have been implemented as well. The World Health Organization pioneered campaigns encouraging adoption of practices towards patient safety among nations (Alfa et al., 2008). People’s behavior and environmental traditions are in co-existence with one another. When members of the healthcare team strive to improve, it creates ripples of change in the healthcare society. Conversely, organizational innovations results to changes in personnel conduct.
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