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Downsyndrome - Research Paper Example

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Down’s syndrome occurs due to trisomy of chromosome 21 in the child that is three copies of the chromosome are inherited by the baby during conception. The condition therefore has genetic origins and it cannot have a cure. Nevertheless there are treatments which can greatly…
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Downsyndrome
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Downsyndrome

Similarly anti-seizure drugs are necessary for patients that undergo seizures in this condition. Many of these children also suffer from internal problems that require surgery. More than 40 percent of the children that suffer from Down’s syndrome also have heart defects that need to be treated by a surgery (AAP Committee on Genetics, 2001). Sometimes surgical procedures for intestinal defects may also become necessary. Early intervention is one of the most useful ways to help the child suffering from this condition. Early intervention is a program that comprises of a combination of exercises and therapies, specifically designed to aid the children suffering from this disorder. Physical therapy and speech therapy are two of the ways that are used in the early intervention program. Most of the children suffering from Down’s syndrome have hypotonia, i.e. low muscle tone. These children need to be taught ways in which they can move improve their muscle tone and move their bodies in an appropriate manner (MA, 2008). The physical therapy is one way that ensures correct motor development for these children. Since face muscles are used during speaking, children also have problems in articulating their sentences. Low muscle tone coupled with small mouths and somewhat enlarged tongues makes it necessary for these children to have a speed therapy. In speech therapy, a therapist is in charge of the child and helps him learn to articulate. This may be done in several ways, the most basic of which is conversing. If the complications are serious, the therapist may teach the child sign language in order for him to communicate effectively.
The disease is hard to prevent since it is impossible to predict whether the couple will have a baby with Down’s syndrome although some people are at a higher risk of conceiving babies with the condition. The chances of having a baby born ... Read More
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